The best operating system examples to learn to be a successful software developer are systems that are generally used by large numbers of users. Some of the most popular operating systems include Windows and macOS. For mobile devices, the most common operating systems are Android or iOS.
Operating systems are used in various industries. There are also different types of operating systems that function in various ways. They have different configurations that allow for varying operations and activities. So, what is an operating system and why is it important? In this article, we will explain what an operating system is and provide examples of operating systems.
What is an Operating System?
An operating system (OS) is an operating software that lets users communicate with their computers. It’s the most important program in the computer because it dictates how hardware components and software applications collaborate.
Since there are multiple processes running in a computer simultaneously, they will require access to the central processing unit (CPU) and data storage. The operating system acts as a messenger to ensure that each task receives enough CPU time to fully execute and fulfill its purpose.
Where Is an Operating System Used?
Below are some examples of devices where an operating system is used. They range from mobile devices to personal computers. Some home appliances like televisions may also have a built-in OS in them.
- Desktop Computers
- Handheld Devices
- Laptop Computers
- Mobile Devices
- Personal Computers
- Smart Devices
Why Is an Operating System Important?
An operating system is important because it serves as an intermediary between the user and the electronic device. It provides the medium for the user and the computing device to interact in a way that both parties understand.
Different Types of Operating Systems
Below are some common operating systems that different organizations use in varying industries. They all serve distinct functions and configurations to achieve a specific objective. In addition, they all aid in the integrity of user programs.
Batch Operating System
A batch operating system has no linear link that allows interaction with a computer. There’s an input-output management mediator that sets batches for easier processing and reduction of idle time.
The central component of this OS is the job scheduling mechanic that lessens the use of hardware resources. Batch systems are used for basic tasks like issuing bank statements, employee payroll, and data entry.
Time-Sharing Operating System
Time-sharing or multitasking operating systems are designed to permit each task a set of time to resolve for a smooth workflow. It can be used by a single user or by large groups through preemptive multitasking for straightforward process management.
The time it takes for the computer to complete a task is called a quantum. After a task is resolved, the computer moves on to the next one, prompting an easy step-by-step process. This in turn gives all tasks an equal chance of being completed.
Distributed Operating System
A distributed operating system is a group of independent interconnected computers that allow for multiple access across different devices. This allows for cooperative memory management and provides remote access to data and information for connected hardware devices. Examples of this OS are found in industrial control systems like telecommunication servers or peer-to-peer networks.
Network Operating System
Network operating systems work through a tightly knit server that authorizes access to multiple users. It’s a private network that manages software applications, environment variables, and security features. Due to its centralized location, it provides unrestricted access to devices and users through connected streams of information.
Real-Time Operating System
A real-time operating system functions at a quick pace for tasks that involve time constraints. This OS supports real-time systems to help give them the proper processing power to speedily respond to requests. A real-time OS is commonly found in emergency medical systems and air traffic control systems. They use heavy system resources so these may be capital intensive to implement.
There are two types of systems, hard and soft real-time systems. Hard real-time systems have no virtual memory, meaning they don’t store abstracted data. On the other hand, a soft real-time system has fewer restrictions and parameters. If a priority task were to arrive, the system permits an override function that lets the priority task resolve first.
Real-World Examples of Operating Systems
These are popular operating systems that many professionals and companies use for their industry activities and procedures. They range from mobile operating systems to desktop operating systems.
According to Statista, Windows has had a market share of just under 74 percent in the PC operating system market since December 2021. Furthermore, Android has had a market share of around 70 percent in the mobile operating system market since January 2022.
- Android OS
5 Great Examples of Operating Systems
Google’s Android OS is an open-source mobile operating system derived from the kernel space of Linux and other available software. It’s the primary OS in most mobile devices and consumer technologies. Android OS is fully supported by Google and they regularly release new updates and features that enhance the user experience and compatibility with mobile applications.
iOS is the proprietary operating system for mobile and handheld devices manufactured by Apple. The OS is preloaded in Apple smartphones and tablets. Apple continuously feeds the OS with the latest components and improvements. A new version of the OS is usually announced annually.
Linux is a non-proprietary software that powers and operates devices. It was created by Linus Torvalds, a software engineer who studied at the University of Helsinki. Linux is a central kernel software that provides the necessary functions that a computer needs to manage the CPU, storage, and other parts.
macOS is the exclusive operating system for Apple desktops and laptop computers. It has innate features like internal security measures that provide a seamless user experience. The OS has a recognizable user interface and it’s consistently modified for new and improved elements.
Windows is an operating system that was developed by Microsoft. It’s a predominantly used OS across multiple digital devices. It’s one of the most popular modern operating systems in the tech market. Microsoft frequently updates and debugs the OS. Windows can run more application software than any other operating system available for laptops and desktops.
Pro Tips to Boost Your Operating System Skills
- Take Online Courses. There are operating system courses that you can take to gain knowledge about operating systems. Having a broad knowledge of operating systems can help you in your tech career journey.
- Hands-on Experience. The best way to learn about something is to get firsthand experience. Ensure you enroll in software development training. The training will provide you with a comprehensive education on the subject.
- Create a Portfolio. Once you’ve developed a deep understanding of coding and software development, you can then begin by making personal projects. Building a software developer portfolio is crucial in your pursuit of a tech career.
What Should Be the Next Step in My Operating System Learning Journey?
The next step in your journey is to attend a coding bootcamp. A coding bootcamp provides in-depth and practical training on software development and operating systems. A coding bootcamp will provide you with career support and the necessary training to be a job-ready tech professional.
Top Coding Bootcamps to Learn About Operating Systems
Below are some examples of coding bootcamps that can help you in your career journey. They’re a cost-efficient alternative to traditional schooling and university. Coding bootcamps typically last for about 17 to 34 weeks, depending on your level of commitment.
Operating System Examples FAQ
Yes, a coding bootcamp can help you get a job as a software developer. Bootcamps equip their students with the right skills and training to be able to compete in the job market. Coding bootcamp graduates are in-demand in the tech labor force.
Yes, software development jobs pay well. According to Payscale, the average salary of software developers is $73,418. Entry-level positions have a compensation of about $64,086. On the other hand, senior software developers have estimated earnings of around $93,847.
Yes, learning software development may be hard, especially if you have no prior experience in coding and software design. You may need to attend university and earn a bachelor’s degree to fully grasp the subject of software development.
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There’s a positive employment outlook for software developers. The estimated percentage of the job outlook for software developers is around 22 percent from 2020 to 2030, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Furthermore, about 189,200 job openings for software developers are projected each year over the decade.
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