In recent years, mobile application development field has been exploding with lots of companies looking for front-end and back-end web developers. Here are several things to consider as you decide if you want to become a front-end or back end web developer.
Mobile development means developing software for mobile devices, i.e. creating mobile apps for Android or iPhone primarily. This can be any app, from games to fitness trackers. Mobile development covers the whole spectrum of the development of these apps, but it’s focused primarily on the actual programming and design parts of development.
Best is a relative term, as everyone prefers different tools and the best tools are the ones that work best for you. That said, many people use Android Studio for Android development. Unity is a decent platform for mobile games (especially 3D ones). Xcode is useful for iOS development. Frameworks will eventually be more useful to you for developing apps than software like the above, but these will get you started.
The average mobile developer in the US starts at around $50k to $60k, and can go up to over $100k, especially in places with a high cost of living like Los Angeles or New York.
I’ve seen a lot of languages used for app development, from C# to Lua. The answer is it depends on what platform you’re developing for. iOS uses Swift or Objective-C. Android’s primary language is Java, but the current rising star is Java compatible Kotlin. C++ is also an option for Android, as well as many other languages if you can find an SDK or integration for it.
Mobile app developers create and maintain mobile apps, such as the ones found on app stores for iOS or Android. An app developer’s scope can be as broad as designing every aspect of an app, and as narrow as just working on the back end. As software engineers, app developers are also responsible for testing and maintaining the software that runs the applications. App devs typically work in teams that may also include data engineers and graphic designers, as well as other engineers.
Anyone can learn how to develop an app. There are three paths most people take to becoming an app developer. These include learning on your own, attending a coding bootcamp, or earning a CS degree with a mobile development elective. Learning app development on your own can be challenging, but if you have the determination to stick with it even when it gets challenging, it's definitely an effectice (and far more affordable) route to take. Computer science degree programs often offer an emphasis in mobile development, and this is a great option if you have the time and funds to take on a 4-year degree program. Finally, there are coding bootcamps, which offer the flexibility of learning on your own quickly, as well as the intensive and in-depth scope of a university degree.
The short answer: we need more apps, and all of those apps need to be created and maintained by someone. More and more businesses are realizing the profit in digital business. As all these businesses start looking to go digital or update their existing digital presence with apps, it makes developers who are skilled in doing just that essential.
The median salary for a mobile app developer is just above $73,000 according to Payscale. This doesn’t include an average of over $5,000 in bonuses and profit sharing. However, at top companies (like Google) the average pay is well into 6 figures, at an average of $120,663.