**Python median(): ***With the Python statistics module, you can find the median, or middle value, of a data set. The Python median() function allows you to calculate the median of any data set without first sorting the list.*

When you’re working with numbers in Python, you may want to calculate the median of a list of numbers. For instance, let’s say you’re building a program to get insights about student ages in a fourth-grade class. You may want to calculate the median age of the students.

That’s where the `statistics.median()`

function comes in. The `statistics.median()`

function is part of Python’s statistics module and can find the median of a list of values.

This tutorial will discuss how to use the `statistics.median()`

method. We will also walk through an example of `statistics.median()`

in action and will break down, line-by-line, how the method works.

This tutorial will discuss how to use the `statistics.median()`

method. We will also walk through an example of `statistics.median()`

in action and break down how the method works.

## Python Median

In statistics, the median is the *middle* value in a sorted list of numbers. For example, for a data set with the numbers 9, 3, 6, 1, and 4, the median value is 4.

When analyzing and describing a data set, you often use median with mean, standard deviation, and other statistical calculations.

In Python, the `statistics.median()`

function is used to calculate the median value of a data set.

`statistics.median()`

is part of the statistics Python module. It includes a number of functions for statistical analysis. First, import the statistics module with this code:

import statistics

Now we can use the `median()`

function. Here’s the syntax for the `statistics.median()`

method:

```
import statistics
statistics.median(list_name)
```

The `median()`

method takes in one parameter: the data list.

When you call the `median()`

method, it will order a list of values and find its middle value. If the number of data points is odd, the middle data point will be returned. If the number is even, the median is the midpoint between the two middle values.

## Python Median Example

Let’s walk through an example. Say we are building a program that to calculate all student ages in a fourth-grade class to learn about their age distribution. We want to use `median()`

to find out the median age of the class.

We could use this code:

import statistics student_ages = [9, 10, 9, 10, 9, 9, 10, 11, 11, 10, 9, 9] median_age = statistics.median(student_ages) print(median_age)

Our program returns:

`9.5`

This is the median student age.

Let’s break down our code. On the first line, we import the statistics module to access the `median()`

method in our code. Then, we define a list. The list is called `student_ages`

*.* It stores the ages of all the students.

Next, we use `median()`

and pass the `student_ages`

variable to calculate the median age. We assign the returned value to the variable `median_age`

. Then, we use `print()`

to print the value of `median_age`

to the console.

When working with `median()`

, the list you use should have at least one value. If you pass an empty list through the `median()`

method, you get this error:

StatisticsError: no median for empty data

## Median of a Tuple

In addition, you can use the median method to find the median of a Python tuple. A tuple is a data type that is ordered and unchangeable. This means that it is useful when you want to store similar data that will not change over time. Tuples are declared as a list of comma-separated values enclosed within curly brackets.

Say that our data set of student ages were stored as a tuple instead of a list. If we wanted to calculate the median age of the students in the fourth-grade class, we could do so using the `median()`

method. Here’s the code we would use to calculate the median of our tuple:

import statistics student_ages = (9, 10, 9, 10, 9, 9, 10, 11, 11, 10, 9, 9) print(statistics.median(student_ages))

Our code returns: `9.5`

.

The median value is the same, but instead of our data being stored in a list, it is stored in a tuple. This is evident because our data is enclosed within round brackets (`()`

) instead of square brackets (`[]`

).

## Conclusion

You can use the `statistics.median()`

method to calculate the median value of a data set. Using examples, this tutorial discussed how to use the `statistics.median()`

method in Python to calculate the middle value of a list and a tuple.

You now have the knowledge you need to start using the `statistics.median()`

method like a professional Python developer!

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