HTML is an acronym for HyperText Markup Language. The language provides the basic building blocks for web pages and web applications. HTML is used to structure and describe the contents of a web document to a browser. If you want to become a web developer, mastery of HTML is important. Luckily, you can master this basic language with HTML exercises.
Whether you’re looking to join an HTML bootcamp or simply hone your skills, completing HTML exercises and taking HTML quizzes are great ways to prepare for opportunities in the tech industry. If you’re ready to get help with HTML and find out where you can practice HTML advanced and regular exercises, read on.
HTML Exercises to Help You Learn HTML
Regular exercises and challenges are a great way to help you learn HTML. It is a simple language to learn, especially if you’re trying to master the concepts and basic techniques. However, mastering the language can prove a little difficult if you don’t have any background in computing. Below is a list of HTML exercises to make the learning process easier.
10 HTML Exercises and Practice Problems (With Solutions)
1. Create a Landing Page with HTML
A landing page is designed to drive sales. It’s the website people visit to learn information about a particular service. It’s also the page that can be used to gather personal data from visitors as part of a marketing campaign. So, how do you create a landing page with HTML?
Solution: First, create a structure for the website. You can use a free HTML framework. The structure should contain header, main, and footer elements. Then, create a navigation bar and paste it at the top of the page. Next, create a default background image and style it. To create a navigation bar and background, place the code snippet beneath the navigation bar before the opening <header> tag or closing </header> tag.
2. Create an HTML Attribute
An HTML attribute is one word or a string of words placed inside an opening tag to define the properties of an HTML element. The purpose of an attribute is to determine how an HTML element behaves. So, how do you create an HTML attribute?
Solution: There are different ways to create HTML attributes. We have the style, class, alt, title, href, src, and lang. To create a class attribute, the syntax would be const att = document.createAttribute(“class”), then you set the value of the class attribute to alt.value = “demo class.” Then, add the class attribute to the first heading as document.getElementsByTagName(“h1”);h1.setAttributeNode(att);
3. Change a Document Font in HTML
The font styling of your document contributes immensely to the aesthetics of your website. You should ensure your website’s font style suits its audience. If yours doesn’t portray your business image in the best possible way, you can correct that. So, how do you change a document font type in HTML?
Solution: The way to change the font in HTML is to use a Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) font property. You will want to learn CSS before you start. Once you’re ready, set the CSS font to the chosen value, and put it in a style attribute. In this instance, it is the in-line style attribute, which simply requires you to place the style attribute inside the HTML opening tag.
4. Create an Image Link
The image link tells the web page where the image is located. This information is usually embedded in the src attribute. It contains details such as the web address and the URL of the image. So, how do we create an image link on a web page?
Solution: Linking an image in HTML is a fairly simple procedure. To solve this problem, we have to include the image tag (<img> tag) in the anchor element (<a> tag). The anchor element helps us create the hyperlink. Including the image tag in the anchor tag tells the browser that it is a functional link.
5. Create an HTML Form
HTML forms contain elements called interactive controls. These include checkboxes, text fields, submit or reset buttons, and menus used to gather input from website visitors. This information could be names, phone numbers, and email or home addresses. Online forms are a cheaper and more personal way of gathering information about your visitors. An HTML form could be a contact form or a church donation form. So, how do we create one?
Solution: To create an HTML form, use the <form> tag in HTML. Then, each of the interactive controls is created using the <input> element. Next, the type attribute will specify the type of input using values. You can group the form controls using the <legend> element.
6. Create an HTML Table
An HTML table is used to arrange web data in a more structured format using rows and columns. You can input different data in the tables, including text, images, and even more tables. Tables help simplify complex data. You can easily summarize the key points you want to communicate to your reader in a table. So, how do you create an HTML table?
Solution: To create an HTML table, use the <table> tag. Within the <table> tag, you must embed tags such as the header, row, and data tags. The table header tag is represented as <th>. The table row tag is represented as <tr>, and the table data tag is represented as <td>.
7. Draw on an HTML Canvas
Solution: To draw an object on the HTML canvas, you first need to locate the <canvas> element, Canvas= document.getElementById(“myCanvas”). You can do this by using the HTML DOM method. Then, create the drawing object. To do that, you need the getContext() object. Finally, draw on the canvas by choosing your styling color.
8. Add Alt Attributes
An alt attribute, or alternative attribute, is usually embedded within an HTML code snippet. It defines how an image has been used in a webpage. Understanding how alt attributes work is key to designing scalable web pages and websites. So, how are alt attributes used?
Solution: Alt attributes substitute for images on a website if the image file can’t be displayed. Alt text contains a detailed description of an image to help the search engine crawlers understand it. A good alt attribute looks like this: <img src=”shoes.png”alt=“Green-striped pair of shoes”>. This alt attribute provides a concise description of the image.
9. Embed Audio in HTML5
The audio feature in HTML5 provides a way to embed audio and video in your web documents. You can also link audio files, just like you can with an image or video file. You just need the correct elements. So, how do we insert an audio file into an HTML5 document?
Solution: To insert an audio file in your HTML document, you need the HTML5 <audio> element, the default control set of the browser, and the src attribute to locate the audio sources. Your code will begin with <audio controls=“controls” src=“media/thebeats.mp4”> and end with </audio>.
10. Replicate a Website by Coding with HTML
This HTML task helps you build your HTML and CSS skills. In this HTML exercise, you will build a replica of an existing website using HTML and CSS code. At the end of this basic project, both websites should look the same and perform the same functions.
Solution: To replicate a website with HTML and CSS, pick a simple website. Static websites are easier to clone than dynamic websites. Next, browse the site to build familiarity. This includes familiarizing yourself with the HTML and CSS layout of the website. Then, set up your coding environment using a code editor. You can use existing HTML code snippets and a free hosting platform to host your website.
How to Get Help with HTML
Mastering HTML can occur in several ways. You aren’t limited to just one training method. Your web development journey can become much more fulfilling if you utilize several training methods. Below are alternative ways to learn HTML.
HTML exercises are bite-sized challenges to help you gain a deeper understanding of HTML and web development processes. HTML exercises are an ideal way to improve your coding skills. These common exercises help you understand the different elements of the markup language.
HTML projects are a series of tasks that lead to the creation of a defined product. Even beginner-friendly projects help you to better understand the processes involved in web development because each creative project you perform involves more than one stage of web development. Participating in HTML projects helps you create a professional portfolio that you can use to display your coding skills to prospective employers.
HTML quizzes are test questions used to challenge your HTML knowledge. Websites like Code Cracker and W3Schools help hone HTML skills through timed test sessions that are graded immediately. Sometimes, you can take quizzes in competition with other participants. HTML quizzes are very useful when preparing for HTML interview questions.
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HTML Forums and Blogs
Another way to build your HTML skills is by joining forums and following blog posts that focus on HTML and web development. Forums such as HTMLForum and CodeForum can provide good learning resources and opportunities. You can gain access to templates, articles, tutorials, courses, and job opportunities.
Where Can I Practice HTML?
You can practice HTML through several internet platforms. Finding a good platform to aid your learning process is important. Learning HTML can be so much faster and easier if you choose a platform that provides you access to resources such as tutorials, quizzes, templates, and mentorships to help build your skills. Some of the top HTML learning platforms are listed below.
Websites to Practice HTML
- Codecademy. Codecademy is another good platform for learning to code. It is an affordable option for students who wish to build their skills in HTML. Beginners will benefit from the structured quizzes and projects offered as part of the learning process.
- Landofcode.com. This is a free website for learning HTML. It provides students with basic building blocks for beginning, intermediate, and advanced HTML exercises and solutions to help build their skills. Each of the exercises is focused on major tasks in HTML. Access to guides and tools is also provided to help with your learning.
- Treehouse. This is an affordable platform for learning to code with HTML. The HTML courses are flexible and skill-based. You’ll gain access to HTML practice materials, quizzes, development and design projects, challenges, and common exercises. Choosing this platform increases your chances of securing high-paying jobs in the industry.
- Pluralsight. Pluralsight is an alternative platform for learning HTML. It offers interactive HTML courses and coding challenges to help build your knowledge. It also provides comprehensive feedback to students who participate in the coding challenges. You can even pace the learning to suit your schedule.
What’s the Best Way to Learn HTML?
The best way to learn HTML is through any method that incorporates your learning needs. The method you choose should provide opportunities for mentorships, tutorials, and challenging tasks that allow you to measure your progress.
As a beginner, you should combine courses, tutorials, exercises, quizzes, mentorships, and projects. Front end bootcamps can offer you all of these and more. Whatever time you can afford to devote to practicing HTML, it will be worth the effort.
HTML Exercises FAQ
You can practice HTML by attempting technical tasks in this language. Whether practicing with exercises, quizzes, or projects, you should be actively applying your theoretical knowledge of HTML to solve a problem in web development.
Yes, you can. You can sharpen your HTML skills without direct mentorships from experienced HTML professionals. You would need to rely on blog posts, free courses, and forums to help you develop basic knowledge of the language. This method of learning can slow your growth due to a lack of feedback, but it is low-cost and allows you to learn at your own pace.
You can learn the basics of HTML in one day, even a few hours, but you can’t master this language in one day. Most people underestimate the difficulty of HTML because it’s easy to get started, but to ensure you create more responsive websites and applications, you’ll need to make HTML practice a part of your routine.
According to Glassdoor, the national average salary for HTML coders is $43,138 in the United States. These professional coders manage the structure of websites and web pages. Their duties include writing source code and troubleshooting code inefficiencies.
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