Have you ever wondered how your favorite websites were designed? Behind every website design is a blueprint. Sometimes, CSS code is what brings a blueprint to fruition. Cascading Style Sheets, or CSS, is a programming language used by developers to define the aesthetics of a website. While HTML, a markup language, allows you to set the structure for a site, CSS allows you to determine how features of a site appear. If you want to learn CSS, this guide is for you.
HTML and CSS work hand-in-hand. When you see a heading that uses a new font on a website, HTML is used to turn that bit of text into a heading. Then, CSS is used to set its font. Next, consider a paragraph of text. HTML will be used to define the text as a paragraph. Then, CSS styles will be used to change its color. As you can see, learning CSS will help you build creative websites.
This complete guide will walk you through how to learn CSS and the best way to learn CSS online. We’ll give you a set of clear steps you can follow to help you start your journey to learning CSS quickly and effectively. If you want to learn to code CSS, continue reading below.
What Is CSS Used For?
CSS is used to define how an element on a web page should appear. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. Styles can be applied using CSS either on an HTML document or in a separate stylesheet. CSS can be used to customize the appearance of a website.
Using CSS, developers write style rules, which tell a website how a certain HTML element should appear on a website. For instance, one style rule may define the height and width of an image on a web page. CSS may be used to set the size of the text on a web page.
The CSS language offers a vast array of properties, which are used to apply styles to different elements on a web page. These properties relate to the size of an element, its color, borders, where it appears on the web page, and more. Here are a few different rules you may encounter in CSS:
- font-size sets the size of the text on a web page
- color sets the color of text on a web page
- height sets the height of an element on a web page
Each CSS property is assigned a value, which tells the browser how a certain element should appear. For example, CSS could be used to tell the browser to make all text blue. When you learn the fundamentals of CSS properties, you can use the basics you have learned to build intricate and complex designs.
Why Should You Learn CSS?
For one thing, learning how to code in CSS gives you the ability to create your own website designs. Learning CSS will allow you to create a portfolio, for instance, without relying on stock templates. If you learn CSS, you can create something that’s unique to you. One of the main reasons why you should use CSS is that it gives you more creative capabilities.
And we haven’t even discussed the career benefits of learning how to code in CSS. There is no shortage of employers who are actively looking for people who can code in CSS. Because talented CSS developers are in demand, salaries are high, too. At the time of this writing, Glassdoor reports the average salary for a web designer to be $58,517, an impressive sum!
How Long Does It Take to Learn CSS?
It can take a couple of weeks to learn CSS. Before learning CSS, we recommend that you spend a few weeks practicing HTML. It won’t take long to master, and you’ll arrive with a solid footing in the programming world. HTML can help you get a feel for basic syntax, which will come in handy when learning CSS.
Once you understand HTML and can build your own static websites, you’re ready to start learning CSS. Like the aforementioned language, learning the functional basics of CSS can take less than a month. However, CSS takes longer to master, and we recommend that you practice two to four hours per day.
Is It Hard to Learn CSS?
CSS is an easy programming language to learn at a basic level. The CSS technology was designed to be accessible, so anyone could create their own styled web pages on the Internet. A lot of the syntax you see in CSS will be very familiar when you learn the basic concepts of HTML. So, CSS is not hard to learn, especially if you understand the fundamentals of HTML.
For instance, you can change several attributes like height and width for a specific image in your HTML file. However, what if you want to apply that to all the pictures on your page? That’s where having an understanding of CSS comes into play.
Remember, CSS interacts with HTML elements in the same manner as the attributes within the element tags on an HTML file. However, you can touch on multiple elements at once through blocks of code in CSS called rules. If you’re comfortable styling all of your fonts, colors, and images in HTML, you will have no issues working with CSS. You’ll even find creating CSS layouts easier once you get the hang of it.
How to Learn CSS
So far, we have spent time considering the background of CSS and the benefits of learning to code using CSS. But now, we’ve got to answer the question: How do you actually begin to learn CSS?
There are thousands of resources online that can help you learn CSS. With so many choices, figuring out where to start when learning CSS can be tricky. Let’s walk through a few of the main steps you should follow to help you start your journey to learning CSS fast.
Step 1: Master the Basics
To be able to learn CSS, you’ll need to start off by mastering the basics of CSS. Sure, you may be tempted to start researching how to build elaborate website designs. However, without a good grasp of the basics of CSS, you’ll struggle to understand the more advanced concepts when they come up in your code.
The first step in your journey to learning this stylesheet language should be to invest time in researching—and practicing—the basics of CSS. This will involve learning about syntax, which are the general rules you should follow when writing CSS code, selectors, the box model, and more. To help you get started, here is a list of the main topics that you need to know:
- CSS Syntax and Selectors
- The Box Model
- Element Display
- Colors and Fonts
Step 2: Learn CSS Online With Tutorials
There are several publications out there that give excellent CSS tutorials. W3Schools and Mozilla Developer Network are useful as you learn the concepts of the programming languages. These resources provide standard tutorials online along with exercises on each of the concepts.
The previous resources are fit for when you want to study the concepts and understand why they are necessary for coding. Once you get that understanding, it’s time to put your mind to work to see how much you’ve learned. Many resources are available to help you while you’re on the go, like Grasshopper, SoloLearn, and Codecademy. They have great applications that you can download and use to learn CSS.
Additionally, websites like freeCodeCamp, The Odin Project, and Khan Academy provide full free courses that focus on teaching CSS. Along with these lessons, you can access projects that are made to help you learn to code CSS while studying the concepts.
Following tutorials is a great way to learn HTML. You’ll learn development by doing HTML instead of just reading about it. Hands-on learning is crucial when it comes to front-end web development because of the degree of creativity involved.
Step 3: Build a Project
CSS projects are a great way to put the theory you have learned into practice and work on something that you are fully interested in. That’s right. When you choose a CSS project to work on, you’ll no longer have to build what a tutorial tells you to build.
Working on your own CSS project also gives you an opportunity to take some creative liberty over your work. Because CSS is a highly visual language, any project you build can easily be made your own. You can choose your own fonts or font colors and also customize a site as much as you want.
What should I build? This is a common question faced by everyone at the beginner level. In truth, there is no right answer. You can build anything you want!
When you’re getting started, though, it is best to start small, then work your way up to creating more elaborate designs. Make sure that the CSS project you choose to build is something that you find interesting. If you have chosen an interesting CSS project and get stuck, you’ll have no trouble finding the motivation you need to finish your work.
CSS Project Ideas
There are many different CSS projects that you can start to help build your skills. The point of learning CSS is to create beautiful, responsive, and user-friendly websites, so you can work within any niche you like. Below are some ideas for CSS projects that can help you get started.
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- A social networking site
- A restaurant management system
- A quiz game
- An online shopping website
- Your web design portfolio
- A web blog
- A website for a local bakery or greengrocers
Don’t let this list limit your options when it comes to choosing a CSS project. If you have another idea that will help you gain basic experience and learn CSS, go ahead and build it!
Step 4: Experiment With New Styles
There are so many features of CSS to explore! As a result, even once you’ve designed a website, there are still plenty of ways you can refine your CSS skills.
One good way to practice your skills and better learn CSS is to build the same site using different styles. Try to see what a website looks like with different font sizes. Experiment with using different colors for certain paragraphs of text on a web page. See what happens when you change the size of an image.
These changes will help you refine your sense of good design. At the same time, you’ll be able to experiment with new CSS concepts and properties.
The beauty of CSS lies in its creativity. One social networking site will never look the same as another because there are too many ways in which you can customize a site. How a site appears is really up to you—you’re the creative director when you learn to code CSS!
Step 5: Master Browser Support
Browsers don’t always see a style sheet in the same way, unfortunately. This is because browsers have changed so much over the years that some have been unable to keep up with the changes. Old versions of Internet Explorer may not be able to see a site in the same way as the latest version of Chrome.
You should start researching how to create sites that work across multiple browsers. All the best websites are functional, regardless of your browser, within reason. It’s a great skill to know how to write CSS code that appears well in any number of browsers.
To master browser support, check out the following resources:
- BrowserStack Tutorial
- LambdaTest Tutorial
- W3Schools Guide
- The Net Ninja Tutorial
- Frontend Masters Course
Step 6: Join a Developer Community
When you’re learning to code, you may be tempted to code in isolation. This means you’ll spend time coding, but you may not share your work with others. This is a common mistake made by newbies trying to learn CSS.
There are hundreds of thousands of people out there who know how to code in CSS. Web programmers often join developer communities, which bring together programmers from beginners to experts. CSS communities are a great place to meet new developers with whom you can chat. They give you a place where you can seek feedback and get help if and when you need it.
There are plenty of ways you can contribute to a CSS community. You can help out an existing user with a question they have, or you can post your own question and start a discussion. Or you can just respond with a comment on a thread you find interesting. Anything you do will help the CSS community thrive.
Here are a few CSS communities that are good for developers:
- Dev.to: A community of software developers who help each other out. Dev.to has dedicated channels for CSS developers and web design which you can use to chat with other people learning CSS.
- Stack Overflow: A community of developers asking and answering questions.
- GitHub: A community to share your code and collaborate on CSS projects with others.
Step 7: Practice Your Skills
Like any programming language, learning to code CSS is a skill. The best way to improve is to practice CSS as much as you can. The more time you spend thinking about CSS, the more insights you’ll come up with.
There are so many ways you can practice CSS that there is no excuse not to do so. Here are a few ideas to help you practice CSS:
- Use Codepen. Find a style you like on Codepen and try to make it better.
- Take a challenge on Codecademy. Follow a tutorial on a site like Codecademy, then make your own improvements.
- Help people in a community. Find a thread on Dev.to or Stack Overflow that you find interesting and try to help out other community members.
CSS Basics: Master CSS Fundamentals
If you want to learn CSS, you will first need to master CSS fundamentals. To do so, there are specific CSS topics that you should focus on. Discover how to learn CSS and which core elements are the most important below.
CSS Syntax and Selectors
First thing’s first, you’ll need to know the syntax for CSS. These basic rules govern all the styles you will write when using the CSS programming language. When you’re just starting, you’ll also need to learn where and how to write CSS rules.
Next, you can explore CSS classes and selectors. Selectors are used to determine which elements on a web page should be styled using the rules you have written. Here are a few of the topics you should cover when it comes to CSS syntax and selectors:
- How to write a CSS style rule
- Inline, external, and internal CSS
- Tags, classes, and IDs
- The basics of selectors
- Chaining selectors and nested elements
- Using multiple selectors
- CSS specificity
The Box Model
As we mentioned earlier, HTML is used to define the structure of a web page. But, HTML uses a set of default values to create the structure of a site. If you want to customize how elements appear, you need to use the CSS box model.
The box model is a set of properties that define which parts of an element use up space on a web page. The box model defines the borders, outlines, and spaces inside and outside of an element. Here are the main components of the box model that you’ll need to learn:
- Content area
- Padding area
- Border area
- Margin area
CSS terminology, such as line-height and box-sizing
HTML renders elements from left to right and top to bottom. But, you may want elements to appear positioned in a certain way. Maybe you want a box to appear in the bottom left-hand corner of your web page, for example.
That’s where element display comes in. The principles of element display instruct the browser on where to display a certain element on the web page. Here are the main topics you should learn about in this field:
- CSS syntaxes, such as inline-grid, inline-block, and inline flow
- Grouped values
- Pseudo-boxes and child boxes
- How to remove elements from the accessibility tree
- List items
Colors and Fonts
Colors and fonts are two ways in which you can make a website appear more aesthetically pleasing. They are deemed essential in many website style guides.
CSS offers a number of properties that you can use to control the color of elements on a web page as well as how text appears. Here are a few of the topics you should learn about when it comes to CSS colors and fonts:
- Background and foreground color
- Hexadecimal, RGB, and HSL colors
- CSS opacity
- CSS typography
- Font families, font styles, and font weights
- Letter spacing, line height, and text alignment
- Using external fonts
Grids allow developers to position elements easily and effectively on a web page. The grid CSS layout uses columns and rows to allow developers to design a web page without using floats and positioning.
Here are the main topics you’ll want to cover to master CSS grids:
- CSS grid structure
- Grid columns and rows
- Creating columns and rows
- Grid gaps and grid lines
- Grid items and area
You may also want to spend some time learning about flexbox. Flexbox is another technology used to position elements on a web page.
How to Learn CSS for Free
If you want to learn CSS for free, there are many different resources you can access. Though CSS is a technical topic, you do not need to spend any more to learn to code CSS. There are tutorials, courses, and written guides online that can help you learn CSS for free. Discover some of the best resources that can help you learn CSS for free below.
- Learn CSS by Google Developers. This is a free tutorial compiled by Google. It covers various CSS topics from box models to typography and provides lessons in the form of podcasts, photos, coding examples, and more.
- Introduction to HTML and CSS by Team Treehouse. This is a 134-minute course that teaches students how to use HTML and CSS to build web pages. It is presented in the form of video lessons presented by an instructor.
- CSS Tutorial by W3Schools. This tutorial offers a complete guide for learning CSS. It provides coding examples and quizzes so you can test your understanding of the topics.
- Introduction to CSS on Scrimba. This is a one-hour course that covers all of the essential components of CSS. It is aimed at students who already have a basic understanding of HTML.
- Web Development By Doing: HTML / CSS From Scratch on Udemy. This course teaches students how to build a website from scratch. It covers both CSS and CSS3 as well as HTML and HTML5.
Best Way to Learn CSS Online
Now you know what you need to know to code in CSS, you may be asking: Where can I learn about these topics? Because CSS is such an important tool used in web development, there are thousands of resources out there that you can use.
The resources that you end up using will depend on your learning style. So, before you start looking for resources, ask yourself: How do I learn best? Do I prefer tutorials? Or are online courses more my speed?
You may even want to try out a few different formats to find the best way to learn CSS. Then, once you’ve found one, you can focus your attention on resources that use the learning format with which you are most comfortable.
For most beginners, interactive tutorials and courses are generally the best way to learn CSS, because they allow you to build something while learning. This is especially important in CSS because the language is all about visuals and styles. Discover resources that can help you learn CSS below.
Online CSS Courses
Learn CSS by Codecademy
- Cost: Free
- Audience: Beginners
Over 490,000 people have enrolled in this course because it is one of the best ways to learn CSS. This 20-hour-long online CSS course will teach you about selectors, the box model, colors, typography, and more.
Intro to HTML/CSS by Khan Academy
- Cost: Free
- Audience: Beginners
This free online course is an excellent introduction to HTML and CSS. You’ll start by learning about the structure of a web page. This is one of the best CSS courses to learn about topics like using CSS to style a page and CSS text properties. Toward the end of the course, you’ll discuss page layout and advanced CSS selectors.
Intro to HTML and CSS by Udacity
- Cost: Free
- Audience: Beginners
This self-paced online CSS course is ideal for anyone who wants to learn the basics of HTML and CSS. You’ll cover topics like the structure of an HTML document, CSS syntax, selectors, and how to use browser developer tools.
Online CSS Books
HTML and CSS: Design and Build Websites by Jon Duckett
This is one of the best CSS books because it offers a complete introduction to building websites with HTML and CSS. You’ll learn the basics of these technologies and how they work together.
This book comes with a vast array of examples and graphics to help you visualize the topics you learn.
Learning Web Design by Jennifer Niederst Robbins
CSS: The Definitive Guide by Eric Meyer and Estelle Weyl
This book is what it says on the cover: it’s a full guide to CSS. This is one of the best CSS books because, unlike many others, it focuses solely on CSS. You’ll learn about CSS colors, values, selectors, the box layout, and more.
Online CSS Resources
Learn to Style HTML Using CSS by Mozilla
Mozilla, creators of the Mozilla Web Browser, is one of the best CSS learning resources because it offers a complete tutorial on how to add CSS to web pages. This online tutorial covers the basic CSS syntax, the building blocks of CSS, how to style text, and page layout.
CodePen is an online learning playground for web development. This tool makes it easy to experiment with creative web designs. You’ll find thousands of styles written by beginner and expert developers, which you can view for inspiration. It is one of the best CSS resources for practicing and learning CSS.
Career Karma CSS Tutorials
Career Karma has dozens of online tutorials and CSS learning resources. Each tutorial comes with code snippets to help you master a topic alongside explanations of those code snippets. Our library covers everything from selectors to inline styles.
Should You Learn CSS?
Yes, you should learn CSS. Your path to learning CSS will be full of ups and downs. In the long run, knowing how to code in CSS can open you up to a wide range of opportunities. Learning CSS could help you become a web designer or a web developer. This is great if you think a career move is on the cards for you in the future.
When you start learning CSS, you should focus on the fundamentals such as syntax, selectors, the box model, positioning, and other basic topics. Then, once you’re ready, you can advance on to explore more advanced styles that you can use to create even more intricate designs.
CSS is an immensely useful skill for you to learn. Although it may be difficult to get started, you’ll be able to master this skill like all the other developers who know CSS did. It’s just a matter of working hard and practicing.
Learn CSS FAQ
Yes, CSS is easy to learn. You can learn CSS in just a matter of weeks because it is a relatively simple programming language. Though you will still have to master technical aspects of coding to learn CSS, it is easier to learn than other languages.
Should I learn HTML or CSS first?
You should learn HTML first before learning CSS. CSS helps you change the appearance of the website you create with HTML. As such, understanding how to code with and use HTML helps you learn CSS much easier.
Is learning HTML and CSS worth it?
Yes, learning HTML and CSS is worth it if you want to work in web development. If you learn CSS and HTML, you will be able to build your own website with appealing aesthetic features. In addition, these skills look great on a resume and allow you to apply for various web development positions.
Where can I learn CSS?
You can learn CSS through online resources such as tutorials, courses, and instructional videos. Another place where you can learn CSS is coding bootcamps. CSS bootcamps are intensive courses that help you learn CSS and develop professional skills in just months.
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