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Web Development: Courses, Training, and Other Resources

Web Development Overview

As the internet and web applications are becoming a near-constant presence in our modern lives, it’s no surprise that the need for qualified web developers is higher than ever. After all, someone has to build and maintain all the online tools, resources, and media platforms we use every day. In fact, web developers are in high-demand worldwide, and the handsome salaries these web devs command make the web development field an attractive career path for many. But knowing how to become a web developer is much less clear. Here, you’ll find all the information you need to decide on the path you will take to become a professional web developer, as well as other helpful resources on web developer salaries, fields, and training programs.

How to Learn Web Development

Web development is a popular career choice and a lucrative option. Web developers earn more than $60,000 annually, with many approaching or exceeding $100,000. So, it makes sense to investigate this technology career path, especially if you’re looking to grow your income, prospects, and job satisfaction. The tech industry is one of the fastest-growing fields in the United States, and there’s never been a better time to break in and get in on the action.
But how exactly do you become a web developer? It’s actually a pretty simple process, and it doesn’t even require a college degree in many cases. In this article, we’ll go over what a web development career path looks like and show you the fastest way to become a web developer in 2019.


With help from a bootcamp, you could be a web developer in 12 months.

What Is Web Development?

What Is Web Development? image
What does a web developer do? You’re looking at it. Web developers create, modify, and manage functional websites. Web developers are responsible for programming a website and designing its user interface.
User interface, or UI, refers to a user’s interaction with a website. Buttons, graphics, colors, and interactive features fall under this category. A bad user interface can destroy a website. For example, if Amazon had no search bar, it would be virtually impossible to use. Web developers build new features that make using websites and apps more enjoyable.
In addition to layout, web developers keep sites up-to-date with fresh updates and new content. Unless a web developer runs their own business, they rarely work alone. Web developers work regularly with management and other programmers to ensure their website functions as intended. While they don’t always make big decisions, web developers are responsible for making sure their site looks and operates how it’s supposed to.

What Do Web Developers Do?

A web developer’s job entails more than coding and debugging. These professionals are often also graphic designers, editors, and even writers. In some companies, web developers are the last line of defense between the world and a website. It’s their job to ensure the site looks good and functions properly.

Types of Web Developers

There are a few types of developers. These developers build and maintain the website in certain areas. They include:
  • Frontend web developer
  • Backend developer
  • Full stack developer

Frontend Web Developer

A frontend web developer is responsible for the client-side of the website. They design and implement the visuals and interactions that users experience when visiting the site. They work with the back end developers, who make those interactions possible.

Backend Developer

Backend developers are responsible for integrating what the front end developers do to the website. They work on the server-side and write website services and APIs.

Full Stack Developer

Full stack developers know front end development as well as back end. They are responsible for doing client-side work, which is creating mock pages to show how the website will look. They also know the server-side of things, so they can code and program features to make the website function properly. It is useful to be a full stack developer if you want to do all the designing, programming, and implementation yourself.

How much can you earn? (source: Glassdoor)

Senior Engineer
Middle Engineer
Junior Engineer

Learning Web Development

To become a successful web developer, you need to understand the fundamentals of creating a website. There are aspects of web development that everyone must learn, which include programming, design, and structure.

To begin, you’ll need to master the terminology. You should learn the difference between front end, back end, and full stack web development. You must know what static and dynamic pages are and understand how web pages are laid out. You’ll also want to dig into web design principles. Seeing things from a designer’s perspective helps to smooth out development.

Picking up the SEO basics is an excellent idea. Make sure to become familiar with web design trends so that you can stay on top of the latest styles and approaches. Getting all the fundamentals down takes some time, but you can make a good start on all of it in about ten days.

Web Developer Job Outlook

Web developers enjoy an unusually good job outlook, as experts predict substantial job growth in the industry. According to the recent U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics report, web developer job opportunities are expected to increase a whopping 13% by 2028. The BLS describes it as ‘much faster than average.’

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Types of Web Developers

There are a few types of developers. These developers build and maintain the website in certain areas. They include:
  1. Front end web developer
  2. Back end developer
  3. Full stack developer

Front End Web Developer
A front end web developer is responsible for the client-side of the website. They design and implement the visuals and interactions that users experience when visiting the site. They work with the back end developers, who make those interactions possible.

Back End Developer
Back end developers are responsible for integrating what the front end developers do to the website. They work on the server-side and write website services and APIs.

Full Stack Developer
Full stack developers know front end development as well as back end. They are responsible for doing client-side work, which is creating mock pages to show how the website will look. They also know the server-side of things, so they can code and program features to make the website function properly. It is useful to be a full stack developer if you want to do all the designing, programming, and implementation yourself.

Check available Web Development courses

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  • Options for both in person and online bootcamps
  • Immersive and structured program
  • Mentors, instructors, and peers at your fingertips
  • Quick-start to a new career
  • Learn to collaborate with others
  • Build a strong professional network in technology


  • Requires motivation and hard work
  • Fast-paced learning style
  • Staying up to date with evolving web technologies

Apply to Web Development Bootcamps

Whether you’ve decided you’re ready to apply for a web development bootcamp or you still aren’t sure which coding program you want to attend, Career Karma can help. Our mentors are here to not only help you find the perfect coding bootcamp for you, but we will also help you every step of the way from the application process to supporting you with any questions or hiccups you run into while interviewing with multiple bootcamps.

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HTML is the language used to create web pages. "Hypertext" refers to the hyperlinks that an HTML page may contain. "Markup language" refers to the way tags are used to define the page layout and elements within the page.

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How Long Does It Take to Learn Web Development?

Overall, a typical career transition into web development will take around one year. Some people transition much faster, and some slower—but with effort, we think a year is a reasonable expectation. Plus, you don’t have to put your life on hold during this time. Many part-time coding bootcamps allow enough time to hold a job or go to college, so there are plenty of ways to keep up with life during your coding education.

Web Development Job Outlook

Web developers enjoy a promising job outlook, as experts predict substantial job growth in the industry. According to the recent US Bureau of Labor Statistics report, web developer job opportunities are expected to increase a whopping 13% by 2028. The BLS describes it as ‘much faster than average.’

How Much Does a Web Developer Make?

Web developers earn an impressive salary. The national average lies between $65,000 and $75,000 annually. An entry-level web developer generally earns over $50,000 and reports high job satisfaction. There’s no way to know exactly how much to expect because web developer salaries vary widely between companies and locations.
Web developers in San Francisco report an average salary of $100,000 per year. The same professionals in Atlanta earn $75,000. Cost of living aside, it’s clear how much of a difference location makes.
Additionally, a web developer’s salary is contingent on experience. Senior web developers (individuals with education and/or several years of experience) earn over $90,000 on average. Remember, this doesn’t include stock options and other perks offered by some tech companies, so keep that in mind when searching for a job.
Some web developers choose not to work in an office as many freelance opportunities exist for skilled professionals. These jobs pay thousands for a few hours of work; web developers can earn a great living as a digital nomad.

How to Learn Web Development: Step-by-Step

  1. Earn a computer science degree at a traditional college or university (bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, or even a PhD) or attend a coding bootcamp.
  2. Prove your coding proficiency. Web developers are expected to master the following programming languages: HTML, HTML5, CSS, CSS3, JavaScript.

The Best Web Development Courses and Training

In the past, a bachelor’s degree was necessary to enter the field of web development. These days, the tech industry is flexible, and it needs developers faster than universities can churn them out. As a result, dozens of coding bootcamps emerged and began teaching students how to code.

Online Web Development Courses

A web developer course teaches students programming languages, web design, computer science basics, and other skills to make them job-ready. Online courses provide a lot of flexibility for people who want to learn web development and earn a professional certificate to get started in the field.

Codeacademy is all about experiential learning. With a “learn by doing” model, the website gives you access to different online platforms, videos, and web tutorials so you can learn on your own and at your own pace.

At Codeacademy, you can choose from an array of different topics and lessons and learn exactly what you want to learn. If you’re not sure exactly what you want to do or where to start, they will point you in the right direction based on your interests.

Web development is one of Codeacademy’s three major areas of study, which also include programming and computer science, and data science. Their web development course focuses on HTML/CSS and JavaScript, teaching students to build basic websites and interactive web apps.

Codeacademy’s team of instructors and graders are also available to answer questions and give you feedback with a quick turnaround time. When you submit coding tests and assignments, you will get expert feedback returned to you right away.

Coursera is one of the leading providers of online courses and continuing professional education. It often partners with major universities to offer programs run by university professors and experts.

Coursera’s offer when it comes to web development and programming is significant. In addition to individual classes, it has certificates and specializations with partner universities. For example, there is Web Design for Everybody: the Basics of Web Development & Coding Specialization imparted in partnership with the University of Michigan.

The specialization includes five courses: Introduction to HTML5, Introduction to CSS3, Interactivity with JavaScript, Advanced Styling with Responsive Design, and the Web Design for Everybody Capstone course. A specialization like this aims to teach some essential programming languages, design, and then give students the opportunity to put their learning to the test by creating a capstone web development project.

Again, you can also take individual courses through the Coursera platform, including:

  1. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript for Web Developers
  2. Full Stack Web Development with React
  3. Introduction to Web Development
  4. Introduction to HTML5
  5. Introduction to CSS3
  6. Responsive Website Basics: Code with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript
  7. Interactivity with JavaScript

Udemy’s aims to ensure that the workforce keeps up with in-demand tech skills for the 21st century. Its course catalog includes software development, web development, data science, mobile apps, programming languages, game development, databases, and software testing.
Udemy lets you purchase video tutorials and course series à la carte so you don’t have to commit to a long-term and expensive program right away. For example, the web developer bootcamp course is available for purchase with over 40 hours of video tutorial content and 82-related articles for your own self-guided and self-paced learning.

Udemy’s website is easy to navigate and you’ll find what you’re looking for in an instant. You can search for courses and course packages by topic, subcategory, level, language, price, and features. This way, you can target your learning goals while also weighing your time commitments and budget.

Some courses that Udemy offers include:

  1. The Complete Ruby on Rails Developer Course
  2. The Complete JavaScript Course 2020: Build Real Projects!
  3. Build Responsive Real World Websites with HTML5 and CSS3
  4. Python and Django Full Stack Web Developer Bootcamp
  5. Modern JavaScript from the Beginning
  6. Progressive Web Apps: The Complete Guide

Udacity is similar to Udemy in its mission to train the professionals of the future. With the future increasingly pulling toward tech, it makes sense that Udacity is also focused on offering professional development in tech under several schools, including programming and development, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, data science, business, autonomous systems, and career.

The programming and development school offers courses in web development which, according to Udacity, will prepare you for a career as a programmer after only 10 hours of work per week. You can choose different programs to start training. Udacity lists recommended courses and shows them in order of progression so you can identify where you land.

If you already have some programming experience, you may not have to start at fundamentals. However, if you’re just getting started, it might be a good idea to start with their in-depth fundamentals course unit which looks at C++, Data Structures and Algorithms, Introduction to Programming, and Android Basics.

Udacity’s other programming and development units include:

  1. Front-End Web Developer
  2. Back-End Web Developer
  3. iOS Developer
  4. Android Developer
  5. Advanced Specializations

EdX is Harvard and MIT’s online collaboration for MOOCs (massive open online courses). Unlike some other online providers on this list, EdX also offers real-world university courses for college students in addition to its MOOCs. Some of these classes are completely free of charge, making lifelong learning more accessible to all.

EdX’s web development courses are from Harvard and MIT and from some industry leaders like Microsoft. In addition to individual courses like HTML5 and CSS Fundamentals and Programming for the Web with JavaScript, EdX offers fully online professional certificates. These certificates include:

  1. Computer Science for Web Programming
  2. Front-End Web Developer
  3. HTML5 from W3C
  4. Computer Science Essentials for Software Development
  5. Computer Science and Mobile Apps
  6. Building Prototypes for JavaScript and Node.js

Yes, that’s Mozilla as in Mozilla Firefox, the popular web browser and tech company. The Mozilla Developer Network is a vast online resource for web developers of any level.

This is a great resource for visual learners who can learn new skills by reading articles and watching video tutorials. It might not work as well for students who learn best through hands-on experiential learning.

Topics include front end languages, basic introductions to web development topics, and interactivity. Its resource guide for professional and aspiring developers covers everything from fundamentals to advanced programming. Some learning categories are:

  1. Beginners
  2. HTML: Structuring the Web
  3. CSS: Styling the Web
  4. JavaScript: Dynamic Client-led Scripting
  5. Webforms: Working with User Data
  6. Accessibility: Make the Web Useable by Everyone
  7. Tools and Testing
  8. Server-side Website Programming

Free Web Development Courses and Certificates

Though learning web development through an online course may not be the traditional way, it is definitely becoming the most time and cost-effective option. Many successful web developers have learned all they know from online courses.


Many of Codecademy’s courses are free, though enrolling in their paid pro plan provides access to additional learning materials you may find useful. At the end of each course, Codecademy will email you a certificate of completion that you can add your name to and list on your resume.


Coursera offers free online courses from a variety of colleges. With Coursera, you are essentially getting a college-level education for free, but one that covers only what you need to learn to become a web developer. Not every course available on Coursera offers a certificate upon completion, but that doesn’t mean the courses are not useful. Just be sure to check what the course entails and if it ends with a certificate or not.

The Odin Project

The Odin Projectis a free online web development training program, designed to help people with minimal experience learn how to become a web developer. Designed by Opensource Community, The Odin Project features a compilation of useful and

In addition to web development, students can use their skills to build video games and other useful programs. The Odin Project doesn’t offer a certificate, but the course quality is excellent.


As of right now, freeCodeCamp offers six different certification courses and has plans to add four more in the near future. All of them are free. You can earn certifications in specialized areas of web development, such as front end libraries and responsive web design.

Each certification offered through freeCodeCamp requires around 300 hours of coursework and the completion of five projects. If you spend roughly nine hours a week working on the freeCodeCamp courses, you can earn a certification in a little over eight months.

There are many additional challenges you can complete while enrolled in these courses. However, these challenges are not compulsory, and finishing them means it will take you longer to get your certification.


Udemy is known for offering excellent paid courses for coders. However, what many don’t is that it also has many courses that are free. Free courses are essentially the lite version—you receive much of the same content as the paid ones, just without the additional features.

Unfortunately, earning a certification through Udemy does require enrolling in the paid courses. But, if you are more interested in education than the certificate of completion, Udemy’s free courses are full of useful online content that will teach you everything you need to know. In the paid versions, you receive the additional benefits of Q&As with the instructor, the ability to message the instructor, and a certificate of completion.


TheGymnasium boasts a few fantastic free web development courses with certificates upon completion. These courses are great for those who want to focus on the aesthetics of web design, as well as the concepts and technical work behind web design and development.

Similar to a college course, TheGymnasium’s courses require you to take a final exam to receive your certification. You will need to score 80 percent or higher on the final exam. The great news is, if you are unable to score 80 percent or above, you can always retake the course and try again. This is easier to do than in a college course simply because it is free.

Web Development Certifications

Earning a certificate in website design tells employers a lot about you. Most importantly, it shows that you have put a lot of time and effort into a specific aspect of website development A certificate shows precisely what you know and how well you know it. For example, it is a good way to showcase your expertise in programming languages like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, or Python.

Adobe Certified Expert

If you’re a web developer, Adobe may very well be your suite of choice. Some of the most notable programs used to build websites are Photoshop, Acrobat, Illustrator, and Lightroom. In this course, students will learn the ins and outs of Adobe’s flagship software.

ACE shows a potential employer that you have a thorough knowledge of multimedia, website design, and software engineering. Regardless of your personal preference, becoming Adobe certified is an excellent career move.

Microsoft Certifications

As with becoming Adobe certified, familiarizing yourself with Microsoft’s extensive suite will be beneficial for your future. There are a few different Microsoft certifications.


MTA, or Microsoft Technology Associate, is a web development certificate geared toward entry-level software developers. This is perfect for someone fresh out of high school.


The MCSD, or Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer, is a certificate for those who want to specialize in web applications.

The MCSD exams are broken up into specific areas, such as mobile app development, HTML5, CSS, JavaScript, and C# programming.

Luckily, there are many Microsoft certifications you can pursue, including:

  1. Developer
  2. Data scientist
  3. AI engineer
  4. DevOps engineer
  5. Security engineer

Amazon Web Services

What better way to enhance your resume and impress hiring managers than to prove you have skills certified by the world’s biggest online retailer? The AWS Certified Developer course is something you should seriously consider.

The requirements for this certification are a little more demanding than others. First and foremost, you must be familiar with at least one primary programming language. Additionally, you need to know about AWS-based applications, and have a history of writing and developing web applications.

Should You Study Web Development?

There are many benefits to learning web development. Below are a few reasons why you should learn it.

Web Development is in Demand

Web development, like many technology careers, is in high demand. As a result, web developers often command high wages for their work, both as freelancers and working for big companies. Today, more businesses need web development than ever before. Knowing how to create a website opens up a world of opportunities.

Web Developers Can Work Remotely

Relocating isn’t a necessity when working in web development. This career allows you to work from the comfort of your own home. Many web developers work on their own time. You could even travel the world while still making an impressive income.

It’s Part of a Profitable Industry

The technology industry is growing at an incredible rate. It’s practically a requirement for businesses to have some form of online web presence. Many tech startups need a web developer. Even established companies need web developers to update and optimize pre-existing websites.

You Can Create Websites for Yourself

Another significant benefit of web development is the ability to create your own websites. Some people use web development to create their own content, make a shop to sell items, or design a website for passive income.
These are just some benefits that come with learning web design and development. Once you learn how to build websites from scratch, you’ll be able to create web elements and applications that aren’t available anywhere else.
Web development is a complicated subject, but many people break into this industry from entirely unrelated backgrounds. If you’re ready to change your career prospects for good, click the link below and find out how we can help.

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Answers to commonly asked questions

How long does it take to become a web developer?

It can take as short as six months of focused study and practice to start a web development career, although a more relaxed schedule along with gathering additional experience averages around a year.

Is web development hard to learn?

When it comes to development paths web development is one of the most approachable fields. It requires some of the easiest to learn programming languages like JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. While it takes study and practice, anyone can learn web...

Can web development make me rich?

While top web developers can make salaries well into six figures a year, on average web developers make $78,662. The answer to the question really depends on what you consider rich.

Is web development futureproof?

Web developers will be needed as long as the web exists. Many tech careers have considerable longevity, and web development is one of the most futureproof. This is supported by a projected growth of 13% over a ten year span according to the...