For aspiring software developers, C++ offers numerous viable career opportunities. Whether you are passionate about machine learning, game development, or scientific research, you can build a successful career if you’re proficient in this programming language.
Like any other field, coding involves terminologies related to the specific programming language you’re learning. This guide will explain C++ terminology for beginners, provide a list of C++ terms, a glossary of C++ terminology, and a C++ terminology cheat sheet to help you have a great learning experience.
What Is C++?
C++ is an object oriented programming language used in building high-performance or large-scale applications. This language can be found almost anywhere because it powers search engines, movie production, air travel, virtual reality applications, and even Mars exploration.
Developers often use C++ to create large software infrastructure and apps that operate on limited resources. C++ can easily manipulate hardware space, allowing programmers to fine-tune their code for the product to run efficiently regardless of the environment.
As a result, C++ builds apps that run fast and are reliable on numerous devices, making the language suitable for most significant applications. Whether you’re developing financial tools, machine learning tools, web browsers, operating systems, or IoT devices, C++ is an excellent fit.
Who Uses C++ Terminology?
Many professionals use C++ terminology, including senior programmers, quality analysts, programming architects, embedded engineers, and bioinformaticians. C++ is a key element for most fields, including game development, scientific research, operating systems, machine learning, and medical technology. C++ versatility allows professionals to apply it in most fields.
For example, software developers create business applications, game developers create code bases for relevant gaming software, and backend developers create server-side elements such as scripting and data management systems.
List of C++ Terms: Things Every Software Developer Should Know
- Abstract class
- Abstract data type
- Access control mechanism
- Access declaration
- Arithmetic assignment operator
- Customization point object
- Executable file
- Object code
- Object file
- Output operations
- Source code
- Standard template library
- Stream exchange input
- Stream manipulator
- Style of exception handling
- Syntax error
Glossary of C++ Terminology: 5 Common C++ Terms
If you are an aspiring software developer planning to learn the C++ programming language, you will encounter specific terms, whether in a C++ online course or a coding bootcamp. That’s why it’s necessary to familiarize yourself with the common C++ terms listed below for a great learning experience.
During the coding process, a developer may make common programming errors known as bugs. Debugging refers to the process of identifying and eliminating bugs.
Why a Software Developer Needs to Know About Debugging
Whether in a computer program or system, bugs interfere with the performance of a solution that produces incorrect results. They can cause further damage, such as crashing or freezing a computer. Consequently, as a software developer, you will need to understand the debugging process to eliminate these issues.
Another common term is object, which refers to a contiguous memory space with a type, such as string object, class object, and static object. First-class objects can perform standard operations like assignment. Second-class objects pose unique syntactic restrictions when using them.
Why a Software Developer Needs to Know About Objects
C++ objects, like real-world objects, typically have states and behaviors. For example, an object will have its state in the fields or variables and exhibit behavior through methods or functions. Understanding this key principle will help you in object oriented programming.
When you enter instructions that violate the basic C++ syntax as a software developer, you get a flaw known as a syntax error. For each programming language, you must follow a set of rules (syntax).
Why a Software Developer Needs to Know About Syntax Errors
Whether you’re developing an application or software, you don’t want to waste your time. Understanding basic syntax errors will help you avoid getting stuck in the middle of a C++ project or spending a long time programming with no results. It will save you time and provide excellent results.
Testing means running a program with sample data on the computer to identify errors. It is synonymous with evaluating or assessing a program’s performance and issues.
Why a Software Developer Needs to Know About Testing
Software must be error-free for it to perform efficiently. Software developers can easily find and remove errors from the software as a result of testing. Testing also provides an independent and objective view, helping them understand the risk involved in its implementation.
Type is the property of a name that specifies how developers can use it. You will often hear of library type, return type, fundamental type, and function type. A type can be exact or inexact. For instance, in C++, you will find basic built-in types like int, char, float, and bool type. Float is inexact, while the rest are exact.
Why a Software Developer Needs to Know About Types
Since a type defines the actual values a variable or function can take, a software developer must understand them. Moreover, understanding a type safety helps you perform the proper operations like arithmetic addition expression or algebraic expressions, as well as know how to store their values.
C++ Terminology Cheat Sheet: 5 Advanced C++ Terms
As you progress through learning about C++, you will encounter more advanced terms such as access control mechanism, stream manipulator, and explicit type conversion. This C++ cheat sheet helps you define the more complex terms, resulting in a more enjoyable learning experience.
Abstract Data Type
Abstract data type, also known as ADT, refers to any class type that only allows users to interact with high-level interfaces. ADT may refer to STL-style class templates in the C++ programming language, such as std::priority queue, which is an abstract base class. All abstract data types are user-defined types. However, the term “program-defined type’’ is used to avoid confusion.
Why Software Developers Should Know About Abstract Data Type
Software developers must design and analyze algorithms, data structures, and software systems to complete any project. ADTs help these professionals to perform all these tasks efficiently.
Customization Point Object
Customization point object or CPO refers to a function object with a class type that interacts with program-defined types. The flexibility of CPO facilitates interaction between the two while enforcing semantic requirements.
Why Software Developers Should Know About Customization Point Object
The CPO adds concept checking to the preceding customization points when creating an application. You can get clear error messages if you make a mistake with a template substantiation, so the CPO plays a key role in software or application development.
Exception handling is the process through which developers address errors and exceptions without interrupting the standard performance of a system. The C++ exception handlers consist of three keywords: try, throw, and catch.
Why Software Developers Should Know About Exception Handling
First, the try statement allows you to identify the code block that should be tested while it is being executed. The throw keyword then throws an exception when an error is detected, allowing you to create a custom error. Finally, the catch keyword directs you to the code block to be executed if an error occurs in the try block.
Standard Template Library (STL)
STL, which Alexander Stepanov created for the C++ programming language, is a software library that influenced most of the C++ standard library. It has four components: algorithms, functions, containers, and iterators.
Why Software Developers Should Know About STL
Since the STL has a set of classes like containers, developers can use them with built-in types (pointer types, parameter types, and tree types) and UDTs to perform elementary functions like copying and assignment. Understanding STL is also important because it contains independent algorithms that reduce the library’s complexity.
"Career Karma entered my life when I needed it most and quickly helped me match with a bootcamp. Two months after graduating, I found my dream job that aligned with my values and goals in life!"
Venus, Software Engineer at Rockbot
Stream manipulators are functions that modify the input or output stream. They don’t change the variables of class type, such as a derived class. Instead, they modify the I/O stream through insertions and extraction operators. Stream manipulators allow you to customize field widths and precision. You can also change the format state.
Why Software Developers Should Know About Stream Manipulators
Understanding stream manipulators helps you control or set the state of a stream. For instance, with certain manipulators, you can flush a stream, convert numerals to decimals, turn on or turn off flags, or output a null character.
How Can I Learn C++ Terminology in 2022?
You can learn C++ terminology in 2022 through coding bootcamps. Doing so will help you gain both the knowledge and programming skills you need to stand out from the crowd.
You can also learn from online courses on platforms like Udemy and Coursera to ensure you are well-versed with C++. As an aspiring developer, you also need to learn major programming languages such as C++ and Python.
You can find free C++ learning resources online, such as Udemy’s course C++ Tutorial for Complete Beginners. In addition, you can also leverage free coding bootcamps such as Code Academy to become an expert in C++.
Yes, you can master C++ without knowing C since they are different programming languages. As long as you understand the fundamental concepts of C++, you can gradually expand your knowledge without relying on prior knowledge of C.
To learn to program faster, you should look for code examples, then read and run them. You should also start writing code as soon as possible because it will help you improve your skills. You’ll also need to learn how to use a debugger and look for additional sources.
About us: Career Karma is a platform designed to help job seekers find, research, and connect with job training programs to advance their careers. Learn about the CK publication.