According to Statista, the software market earned $578,020 million in revenue in 2021. There has been a significant rise in the use of enterprise software across different industries to reduce inventory costs, improve decisions, and enhance profitability. This growth is expected to continue in the years ahead.
As a software engineer interested in developing software for various industries, it is critical to understand and follow software engineering processes. This article will discuss software engineering processes and the information that a software engineer should know.
What Is Software Engineering?
Software engineering is a field of technical engineering that mostly focuses on software development. Professionals in this field build software of different scopes, sizes, and purposes. The field works with the best practices, principles, and methods. Software engineering experts build reliable, effective, and efficient products.
Software engineers work on the development, design, and maintenance of software in various capacities. In some companies, the same software engineer may be responsible for these roles, but in larger organizations, each may have its own specialization.
In software development, software engineering follows a specific pattern, especially when different people are working on the same project. The software engineering team must ensure that the software is constantly vetted to ensure that it is in good condition before it is launched.
There are also many different facets that software engineers can specialize in. Each facet is just as important as the other and multiple facets create a full stack developer. Many people confuse software engineers vs data scientists even though each position has as many differences as they do similarities.
What Are the 5 Components of Software Engineering?
Software engineering has several components that make its processes run smoothly. Some of the main software components include programming languages, platforms, frameworks, integrated development environment, and source control. Each component will be discussed briefly below.
Before creating software, the software engineer must select a programming language to write the project’s code. Today, people speak a broad range of languages to communicate with one another, and programming languages work in the same way. Each serves the same purpose, but the benefits and structure differ. The codes required for mobile and web apps are different. This is the same for front end and backend development.
There are different platforms to build accessible software on for software engineering, such as macOS, Android, and iOS. Engineers write the code on the platform that will host the code. In this way, the platform serves as a foundation for the software.
Software engineers use frameworks to provide a standard pattern while developing and deploying the application code. This framework works as a universal structure because it keeps the code consistent and simple.
A software framework is often reusable and universal, and it provides functionality when used with a larger software platform to facilitate software development. Some well-known frameworks include nodeJS, Ruby on Rails, ReactJS, and Bootstrap.
Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
In software development, it is possible to use a simple text editor to write different programming languages, but this is not sustainable in the long run. The code complexity will make it difficult later on, and this is where Integrated Development Environment or IDE comes in.
The IDE offers support while coding. It has built-in wizards for different tasks. It also offers dependency management and code completion to ease the process. Some popular IDEs used by software engineers include Eclipse and Visual Studio. This component is nearly mandatory in software development because of the numerous benefits it offers.
Source control tools are another important component. These tools are integrated into the IDE and allow the software engineer to track all changes to project files. This also enables them to make changes to their code when necessary, knowing that they can revert to a previous version if the change fails to solve the problem. These source control repositories are also useful when used across different machines or in a team environment.
What Is a Software Engineering Process?
The software engineering process is a set of activities carried out during a software product development. These procedures ensure that the final product meets the client’s requirements specification. These tasks are typically performed by software engineers and other experts. It’s also referred to as the software development life cycle.
Some of the activities include software specification to ensure that the software’s functionality and constraints are defined. It also includes software validation, in which engineers validate the software to ensure that it adheres to the client’s requirements.
It also includes the software development process, which ensures that the software adheres to the blueprint established by the client during the early stages. Finally, the software must evolve to meet the client’s ever-changing needs.
What Are Software Engineering Processes Good For?
Software engineering processes save money and time. When the development team adheres to the client’s requirements and their own research, the risk of the project being rejected by the client at completion is reduced. This would be a waste of resources and time. Here are some other benefits of software engineering processes.
- Provides quick solutions. Ensuring that software engineering teams adhere to the process allows them to clearly understand the requirements and provide updates to the customer as needed. They will also identify potential issues earlier in the project and provide accurate estimates based on the client’s business requirements. It identifies the issue and makes it easier to solve.
- Streamlines the process. When software engineering teams follow the process, they spend time meeting with the client and developing the software idea in the early stages. During this time, the team can go over the entire process and eliminate any steps that do not add value to the software development process.
- Prevent issues during software development. Following the software engineering processes can help to prevent problems from arising. For example, the end result may be unattainable if the client and the software engineering team do not communicate effectively. The client must be involved in the process from the start. When they collaborate, they can create software that meets and exceeds its intended purpose.
What Are the five steps of the Software Engineering Processes?
Software engineering processes are divided into five stages, which must be completed in a specific order unless special circumstances dictate otherwise. The stages include planning system analysis and design, coding and development, testing, and implementation. When software engineering teams adhere to this progression, they can create software that meets the client’s needs.
This phase begins with identifying the problem that the software is designed to solve and gathering the necessary information to build it. It also entails going over all the available data and streamlining the entire project. This is the most important phase because it eliminates potential problems that may arise later in the project.
The software engineering team gathers information about what they need to proceed with and obtains a detailed description of the software during this stage. It is crucial to obtain this information, so that project managers do not waste resources on software that the client does not need.
When the software engineering team is better informed, they can avoid serious problems and take correct steps to solve mistakes. This is why they conduct various interviews and surveys to ensure that they get both user and client requirements.
System Analysis and Design
The system analysis stage comes next, and it includes a feasibility study on the client’s ideas to determine its viability. The primary objective here is to view the software concept through the users’ eyes to avoid developing software that does not adhere to general standards.
The design phase is the project’s official flag and it entails creating a fully developed software design. This stage is where the design work is done so that the development stage can finish the work. While the design is being worked on, the development process can be set in motion as the engineering team installs critical systems and gathers the resources needed to make the process run smoothly.
This stage kicks off the main software development process. The software engineering team begins by writing code, establishing infrastructure, and starting the documentation process to demonstrate how the system operates to others. At this point, the team collaborates with designers to ensure that the designs are implemented. If a problem arises, they cooperate to find a solution.
The software engineering team builds the software using the wireframe in the second stage. They verify the specifications and features and then put everything together. The initial steps become a reality at this point, and they can begin testing and preparing the system for launch.
The testing stage begins after the development stage to ensure that the software works properly before being released to the public. Hence, software quality assurance is performed. This team uses automated testers to examine the software’s features to identify any issues.
"Career Karma entered my life when I needed it most and quickly helped me match with a bootcamp. Two months after graduating, I found my dream job that aligned with my values and goals in life!"
Venus, Software Engineer at Rockbot
The quality control department looks for code errors that could malfunction the software. Tests are considered successful when the experts identify and correct flaws during tests. After that, they check for errors repeatedly. If it passes the test, the software engineering team will implement it.
After testing, the software will be prepared for release. This is the implementation stage. The teams collaborate to resolve any issues that customers may encounter. They collect user feedback to determine which issues should be addressed in the software. They are also open to updating ideas that would benefit users.
The first users of the software are companies and clients that would adopt it when it is launched. As a result, the software engineering team initiates a beta testing phase in which these companies test the software and provide feedback.
If there are errors that were not detected during the testing stage, the software will be returned for repair. After some time, the software will run without errors, and it will be ready to be released to the general public.
How Can I Learn Software Engineering Processes in 2022?
You can learn software processes by enrolling in a coding bootcamp that teaches software engineering. The programs are offered both remotely and in-person, allowing you to select the most appropriate one for your needs. This is the better option because you will learn about the planning of software engineering processes and everything you need to know to become a software engineer.
Online coding bootcamps are also more affordable and take less time to complete than traditional colleges. If you don’t want to devote a few weeks to learning, you can take an online course. The difference is that the online course has a restricted curriculum. You may only learn a small portion of what is required as a software engineer.
Software Engineering Processes FAQ
Software engineering processes include a detailed plan describing the planning, development, and maintenance of software. These processes are in place to ensure that the client’s requirements are strictly followed.
The planning stage is the most important phase of software development. This is because the software engineering teams consult with the client regarding their software expectations. They take notes and even make suggestions of their own.
You can learn software engineering processes by enrolling in a software engineering coding bootcamp. The program also teaches you everything about software engineering and prepares you for the workforce within a few weeks.
About us: Career Karma is a platform designed to help job seekers find, research, and connect with job training programs to advance their careers. Learn about the CK publication.