If you’re applying to jobs that require JQuery skills, you’ll want to be prepared for anything that is thrown at you in the interview. Maybe you’ve never had a software-related job interview before, or maybe it’s been a while since you’ve interviewed for a position. The list below is a selection of questions that might come up during your interview. While these are sample questions that aren’t from any one particular employer, they will give you a good sense of what could be asked–and what you need to be knowledgeable about.
So, What is JQuery, Anyway?
It’s certainly not impossible for you to be asked something as basic as this. This isn’t to see if you actually know what the interview is for (but that’s certainly worth checking for), but more to see if you understand the underlying principles of a language you use.
JQuery makes it much easier to:
- Have websites that change their design or information according to user actions or incoming data.
- Have multiple displays of data that are continuously updating with bogging down the site or requiring frequent reloads of the page
- Provide interactivity with the user in a way that’s closer to a native app rather than a webpage.
Why Use It? What Are Some of the Advantages of JQuery?
- If you already know JQuery, you know pretty much everything you need to work with JQuery. It follows the same structure and syntax so you can find your way pretty easily.
- JQuery does its work while keeping the code clear and simple. This means the time spent coding is reduced so that you don’t have to reinvent the wheel. This helps when reusing code as well.
- There is extensive cross-browser support for JQuery. You don’t have to do a lot of bending over backwards to get it to work. As time goes on, this is less of a concern, but there are still a number of sites with legacy browser support (and concerns about accessibility).
- JQuery is very lightweight, especially when zipped. This is not a bloated library that will slow your site down.
- Lots of plug-ins are available for JQuery, meaning it will continue to grow in what it can do.
What Are Some of the Features of JQuery?
You might not need to sell an employer on JQuery, but it’s good for you to know some of its important features. This is pretty open ended, but a few things of note worth mentioning are:
DOM manipulation: JQuery is probably the most popular tool for navigating the DOM of a website. The DOM is the Document Object Model, a way of representing the HTML of a page so that it can be manipulated and navigated. It connects all the various parts in a sort of hierarchy.
Event handling: JQuery makes monitoring, capturing, and responding to any user action (such as clicking a mouse) easier and cleaner by not keeping the code for this in the HTML itself.
Animation features: There are plenty of ways to animate user interactions on websites. JQuery makes the process of creating these animations simpler and cleaner. But what are some of those animations?
Speaking of Animation, What Are Some of the Effects Methods That JQuery Uses?
If you’re going to bring it up, an interview might dig a little deeper and want to know that you’ve got the hands on experience with a feature like animation. The animation of web interface elements is one useful tool in JQuery’s toolbox that websites use a lot. There are five main effects methods you can call with JQuery. They all provide some sort of animation effect.
- show(): To display some selected element when it isn’t already visible.
- hide(): You guessed it – to hide a selected element.
- toggle(): This enables you to switch back and forth between show and hide.
- fadeIn() and fadeOut(): Brings a selected element in and out of opacity, making it visible or invisible.
What Are the Selectors you Can Use in JQuery?
Selectors are the hooks that connect JQuery to a website. Showing your knowledge on this shows you have working knowledge of the library. Usually you will use HTML or CSS elements as selectors for any JQuery action. All JQuery selectors start with a dollar sign and parentheses: $()
Some of the ways in which you might find them with the page are: name, ID, class, or universal (for all elements within the DOM). You can then use expressions and logic to match to these selectors. So for selecting by tag, you’d use:
To select by ID:
..and by class:
What Are the Events in JQuery?
The DOM has five main events that can trigger actions: form submission, keyboard input, mouse action, browser, and document loading.
What’s the First Thing You Do With a Web Page to Make It Ready to Use JQuery Functionality?
A question like this demonstrates that you’re aware of what to do when incorporating the JQuery library and that you won’t make this rookie mistake. You need to make sure that the DOM is ready for what you’re going to throw at it. You do this by using this function:
….and now your functionality will be available.
How Do You Access AJAX Functionality With JQuery?
Being able to use AJAX functionality quickly and easily is one of the main perks of JQuery. Being able to talk through that process will show the interviewer that you’re familiar with it and able to work with those functions. Some functions of note are:
- $.ajaxSetup(): Use this function to define and set your options for the calls you’ll be making on the page.
- $.ajax(): This is how you send data requests at the most basic level.
- $.getJSON(): This enables you to get data from a JSON formatted stream.
Knock ‘em dead