According to Statista, there were over 2.7 billion smartphone users in 2017. The same study found that over $41 billion was generated in revenue by mobile games alone. The mobile app market is strong and now is as good as ever to break into the market.
If you want to develop an Android app, you’ve got a ton of programming languages to choose from. Some are general-purpose coding languages, while others serve very specific functions. Picking the right programming language for Android can seem daunting, so we’ll try and clear it up a bit. In this article, we’ll give you a basic rundown of the best (and most popular) programming languages for Android. Once you figure out what kind of app you want to create, you can use this list as a reference to help make a decision.
List of Android Programming Languages
Java is the official language for programming Android apps. While Java code typically runs on the Java Virtual Machine, on Android the lines of code are compiled by something called the Dalvik Virtual Machine. There are many Android API’s available for the Java language, and it’s the native coding language used in Android Studio.
Java is a tried-and-true platform for both smartphones and computer software. Developers use Java for all sorts of applications because it can be used to code an entire program. There’s plenty of online resources for Java, and it’s considered a straightforward platform for beginners.
Believe it or not, ‘BASIC’ is actually a very long acronym. It stands for ‘Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.’ In case you’re wondering, BASIC is precisely what it sounds like. This simple, logical, and useful coding language is an excellent option for programming newcomers. Although it’s not a universally supported Android development language, you can still build some useful apps with it. You’re best suited to use another language for complicated programs, but it’s an excellent place to start. It’s fast, practical, and an all-around superb beginner coding language.
Kotlin, while new to the Android world, is a fantastic choice as well. It’s fully compatible with Java and, as a result, has become the second official Android programming language. It’s easier to read than Java, and the layout is more logical. It’s arguably a better way to program an android app if you’re a beginner.
One open-source and easy to use language for Android is Lua. Lua is a high-level programming language typically used for games like Angry Birds and Warcraft. While Android does not support Lua natively, the cross-platform Corona Game Engine features an Android SDK (Software Development Kit) that allows development in the Lua language. While this fully functional game engine is useful for making simple games, more complex games will often require a more robust language like C# or C++.
These languages aren’t the first choice for beginners, but they’re great for building complex Android applications. Unlike Java and Kotlin, C/C++ runs natively on the phone. While this makes it more challenging to work with, it’s highly versatile in terms of features. It’s great for designing complicated games because of its native platform. In short, you can get the most out of your device with C or C++.
If you need the power of C or C++ but don’t want to deal with their complexities, try C# instead. It’s essentially a higher level and object-oriented C-based language, and it’s a fantastic option for Android development. While it’s newer than most other coding languages, it still has a large developer community. It can be used along with a game engine to create some excellent 3D and otherwise high-tech games.
Android Programming Language Review
While the official programming language for Android is Java, many other languages are used to develop Android apps. These include:
Needless to say, programming can be challenging. If you’re not already into it, we suggest you learn from qualified professionals. Mobile app development can be a rewarding and lucrative career for you, and programs exist to help you break into the industry. Coding bootcamps that specialize in app building can train you up in months and send you into the workforce with all of the skills you need.
If you’re into gaming or want to revamp your career, consider a coding bootcamp. Sign up for our free 21-day challenge and we’ll begin helping you learn how to code in no time! Remember, anybody can break into app development and software engineering. All it takes is endurance, willingness to learn, and the right help.