Quantum computing has helped us solve a myriad of complex problems with lots of variables, showing us the usefulness of researchers developing quantum computing skills. Unlike traditional computers, which have limited computing abilities, quantum computers can exist in more than one state. This technological field is growing rapidly, leaving many people wondering how to get a job in quantum computing.
Today, quantum computation can be applied to fields such as artificial intelligence, software development, healthcare, and medicine. A career in quantum computing means high annual salaries, engaging work, and industry recognition. In this article, we break down what the highest-paying quantum computing jobs are as well as what quantum computing skills you’ll need to know to land one.
What Is Quantum Computing?
Quantum computing is the process of developing and applying computer technologies operating under the laws of quantum mechanics to solve complex real-world issues that exceed the capabilities of classical computers. Quantum mechanics is a theory in quantum physics that attributes physical properties to natural objects at the atomic and subatomic levels.
Unlike classical systems that make use of binary values of zeros and ones, which are only able to store information in bits, quantum computers have extended computational capabilities that allow them to store data in qubits. This is because the state of objects is calculated using the probability theory before they are measured, instead of in standard binary digits.
Quantum Computing Job Outlook
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), quantum computing scientists, which are grouped under the computer and information research scientists, have a job growth outlook of 22 percent between 2020 and 2030, well above the national average for all professions. During this period, this field will witness an employment growth of 7,200 new professionals each year.
What Education Do I Need to Become a Quantum Computer Scientist?
Quantum computer research scientists usually have at least a master’s degree and many have earned a doctoral degree. If you’re interested in a career in quantum computing, you’ll need to major in mathematics, physics, or another computer science discipline for your bachelor’s degree program. You can then go on to specialize by getting a quantum science and engineering doctorate or master’s degree.
Can I Get a Quantum Computing Job Without a Degree?
No, you’ll find it difficult, if not impossible, to secure a job without a degree in a related field. Quantum computing is more of a theoretical discipline than it is a practical field, despite scientists beginning to apply it in several technological developments. You also can’t break into this field with a generalized degree. You need knowledge of data science, engineering, and the laws of physics.
Can a Coding Bootcamp Help Me Get a Job in Quantum Computing?
No, it won’t help you get a job in quantum computing, but it can help you stand out in this nascent field. Coding bootcamps offer programs in machine learning, data science, and software engineering, which can help you learn to use your quantum computing skills to solve real-world problems. These programs provide comprehensive courses, exercises, and projects in this field that can help you better understand quantum computation.
The projects you’ll work on will help you build transferable skills and a professional portfolio. These can impress potential employers during your job search. However, attending a coding bootcamp alone is not enough to land a job as a quantum computer scientist or engineer. The theoretical applications of this field take much more knowledge to master than what a bootcamp can offer.
How Long Does It Take to Get a Job in Quantum Computing?
If you’re a complete beginner in the field, it could take you six to nine years to get a job in this field. You’ll have to get a bachelor’s degree, a master’s degree, and most likely a doctorate, not to mention completing some research studies.
If you choose to gain some hands-on training in areas like software engineering and artificial intelligence through coding bootcamps to broaden your expertise on the power of quantum computers, it could take you an additional six to twelve months.
Common Quantum Computing Education Paths
Although the educational path for a career in quantum computing is relatively straightforward, there is some leeway you can take. Below we’ve listed some options for education paths if you’re interested in joining the quantum computing community.
Quantum Computing Bootcamps
Short-term quantum computing bootcamps are a good way for working professionals with academic backgrounds and industry experience in fields like physics, engineering, mathematics, and computer science to learn about quantum computing and its business applications. Stanford University and the University of Maryland have launched foundational bootcamps in this field.
Community colleges such as Marist College offer an advanced course in quantum computer algorithms and programming to help students understand the industrial applications of quantum science in the development of physical and virtual products. This is just a single class, so you’ll need additional qualifications to be able to get a job in this field or any other branches of quantum technology.
Quantum Computing Degrees
Most universities offer quantum computing degrees at their master’s or doctorate levels. Others integrate it in their degree programs for fields such as computer science, engineering, and physics. Some universities have collaborated with IBM Research in promoting quantum information science and STEM-based opportunities for students, particularly for those in underrepresented communities.
Key Quantum Computing Skills to List on Your Resume
Your resume, when applying for jobs in quantum computing, will be somewhat complex. However, there are some key skills you’ll want to show off on it. Skills in quantum programming, algorithmic computation, machine learning, and AI are all vitally important to have if you want a job in the field of quantum computing.
To secure a job in this field, you need to know how to code using quantum programming languages such as QCL, Q#, Silq, QML, and quantum pseudocode. The syntax of the QCL language and its built-in data type called “quantum register” imitates that of the C programming language. A base in Python programming language is also helpful. Because of how advanced the syntax is, you’ll find it easier to manipulate the functioning of quantum computers using Python.
Aspiring professionals in this field should know how to perform computations using probabilistic algorithms. You can’t operate quantum computers without being able to use quantum algorithms. These algorithms run on quantum computation models such as quantum circuits, which is the most popular model used.
The most popular quantum algorithms used by professionals in this field include Grover’s algorithm, used for probability computations for inputs in a black box function, and Shor’s algorithm, which is used to find an integer’s prime factors.
Machine Learning and AI
Learning machine learning and artificial intelligence will help you apply your knowledge of quantum mechanics in the development of products in technological, business, and science fields. If you wish to design innovative and highly functional products, you’ll need to explore the complexity theory in quantum science.
Knowledge of machine learning enables you to expand the capabilities of this field. By combining machine learning and quantum computing, it’ll become easier for you to train data models.
Where to Find Quantum Computing Jobs
If you’re ready to find a job in quantum computing and have taken the time to build the right experience you need to succeed in this field, these are the best job boards you can use to find a job as a quantum algorithms researcher, quantum computer architect, quantum AI developer, or quantum engineer.
ZipRecruiter is one of the leading online job marketplaces in the United States. This platform can expose you to lots of careers in quantum computing, as well as the best fields you can apply your quantum expertise to. The jobs posted on this platform are verified and are posted in real-time. In addition to job offers, you can discover useful salary insights and other possible career paths.
Glassdoor is a free job site providing professionals in all fields, including those in the quantum field, with job offers as well as employment data in this field so that you can properly plan your next career move. To have full access to the job insights from Glassdoor, you’ll have to become a member and contribute to their salary scale or work experience data.
Indeed is another great job site for professionals with basic and advanced quantum computing expertise. You can find jobs in quantum solutions technology, data science, and application development on this platform, along with their salaries and job providers. This platform also provides company reviews, resume reviews, and industry trend information which can facilitate the growth of your career.
How to Prepare for Your Quantum Computing Interview
Preparing for a quantum computing job interview means understanding the quantum advantages, the theories, and the various industrial applications of quantum computing. You can build this knowledge by reading books on quantum computing or participating in practice exercises, quizzes, and projects before your interview. Brilliant is a great platform for this.
Quantum Computing Interview Questions
- How is a qubit measured?
- What is a quantum logic gate?
- What is the difference between classical computing and quantum computing?
- List some of the engineering challenges a quantum computer engineer might face.
The Five Highest-Paying Quantum Computing Jobs
|Quantum Computing Jobs||Average Salary||Projected Growth|
|Quantum Engineer||$95,368||22 percent*|
|Quantum Software Engineer||$107,251||22 percent*|
|Quantum Computing Scientist||$94,488||22 percent”|
|Quantum Physicist||$120,172||8 percent|
|Quantum Developer||$100,135||22 percent*|
*This data was derived from the Bureau of Labor Statistics listing for software developers, quality assurance analysts, and testers.
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Venus, Software Engineer at Rockbot
- Salary: $95,368
A quantum engineer is an advanced technology professional who specializes in the development of the architecture of quantum computers and quantum sensors using the theory of quantum mechanics. These technology systems are designed to implement quantum solutions when solving complex problems.
Quantum Software Engineer
- Salary: $107,251
A quantum software engineer is a computer professional who resolves software development complexities in quantum computing. This professional applies the principles of quantum physics in coding, designing, developing, debugging, and deploying software applications and systems.
Quantum Computing Scientist
- Salary: $94,488
A quantum computing scientist is a technology researcher in the field of quantum science. This professional, through research, tests out the possible ways the theory of quantum mechanics can be applied to solve specific problems across various disciplines and fields of study.
- Salary: $120,172
A quantum physicist is a professional in the field of quantum science that develops theories and laws which guide the application and adoption of quantum science and engineering. Professionals in this field carry out in-depth research on how physical properties interact with other objects in the world and try to explain the mysteries behind them.
- Salary: $100,135
Quantum developers, through collaboration with quantum engineers, code quantum algorithms that define how software applications and systems behave in solving specific problems in the industry. These professionals know about quantum programming and software development, and try to integrate them for better functioning results.
Quantum Computing Career Path
If you’re interested in getting started in quantum computing but would like to know the most likely progression your career would take, below are some of your best options.
Entry-Level Quantum Computing Jobs
- Quantum Programmer. This is an entry-level professional who writes source codes with the goal of developing products based on the principles of quantum mechanics.
- Quantum Algorithm Researcher. Quantum algorithm researchers are professionals who analyze, develop, and improve quantum algorithms.
- Quantum Developer. Quantum developers build computer programs using quantum algorithms.
Mid-Level Quantum Computing Jobs
- Quantum Machine Learning Engineer. Quantum machine learning engineers apply quantum algorithms to the development of self-running systems that work on predictive models.
- Quantum Computing Scientist. A quantum computing scientist uses the scientific method to apply quantum computing to experiments using quantum theories.
- Quantum Software Engineer. Quantum software engineers apply the principles of quantum engineering in designing architectural models for software products.
Senior-Level Quantum Computing Jobs
- Quantum Machine Learning Architect. This professional coordinates the application of quantum theory in the development of artificially intelligent systems.
- Quantum Computing Lead. A quantum computing lead is a senior-level quantum computing scientist who coordinates the computing research efforts of a quantum computing team.
- Quantum Software Architect. A quantum software architect determines the technical application of quantum mechanics in the software development process.
Quantum Computing Certifications
There aren’t many professional certifications in this field. Aside from IBM, there are no other industries that provide certifications for aspiring quantum professionals. If you’re a professional interested in getting certified, below are your best options.
IBM Associate Qiskit Developer
This certification qualifies individuals as competent in the use of the Qiskit software development kit (SDK). Having this certificate means that you understand quantum computing concepts and can apply them when writing Python codes and developing functional software applications and systems.
Quantum Engineering Professional Certificate
This is an online academic professional certification issued by the University of Chicago to material engineers, physicists, and electrical engineers who would like to expand their knowledge of quantum information science. This program lasts four days and costs $3,000. Professionals in related fields with 10 years of experience are welcome to enroll.
Quantum Computing Fundamentals Professional Certificate
This professional certification is awarded to students who have completed the two-course program in the fundamentals of quantum computing. As part of the program’s curriculum, you’ll learn the difference between classical and quantum computation. You’ll understand the business applications of this discipline, including the IBM quantum experience.
Tips on How to Get a Job in Quantum Computing
Getting a job in quantum computing is no easy task, but there are a few things that might help. Joining a community of professionals in the field and working on your own projects will help you broaden your knowledge. Making sure your resume and interview skills are up-to-date will help you land a good-paying job in this field.
Broaden Your Knowledge of Quantum Computing
The application of quantum computing requires knowledge from a wide variety of disciplines. Employers want to know that you understand the scientific theories behind this field of study and that you can suggest innovative ways to apply or improve its application.
This means you must possess a sound understanding of physics, linear algebra, computing science, and even art. You can achieve this through a college education, online programs, and keeping up with industry trends.
Join a Professional Community of Quantum Professionals
Being an active advocate for a community like Qiskit can have several benefits for your career. You’ll have the opportunity to network with top professionals in this field. You’ll also be able to attend global events for quantum professionals or special sessions with Qiskit team members so you can get answers to questions you might have or brainstorm new ideas.
Work on Quantum Computing Projects
Applying for positions in this field requires you to be able to competently display your technical knowledge of quantum IT. You need to work on as many professional projects as you can. Although your master’s or doctorate program will require you to complete projects, you’ll stand out if your portfolio contains several more than the minimum.
Prepare a Professional Resume and Apply Through the Right Channels
Your portfolio should be introduced by a professional resume that concisely communicates your educational qualifications and work history. The skills you list on your resume should have a direct connection to the role you’re applying for. This will increase your chances of being contacted for an interview.
Train for Every Interview
Prepare yourself for every interview you’re contacted for. Don’t underestimate the hiring manager and don’t overestimate your knowledge of the field. Several discoveries are occurring in this field daily. You should keep up by reading news articles in quantum engineering and science. Replicate tutorials and take quizzes and challenges to build your expertise.
Should You Get a Job in Quantum Computing in 2022?
Yes, you definitely should get a job in this field if you’re passionate about it. There’s so much career growth potential for professionals in this field. There are several theories to explore and so many professional relationships to build that can easily position you as a leader in the industry.
The best part about quantum science is that it’s a hot topic and a new field that can be integrated into several other areas. You can also immediately start earning a high salary, even as an entry-level professional.
Quantum Computer Scientist FAQ
No. You need a college degree to break into this field. In most cases, a bachelor’s degree won’t be enough to land you a job in this field. The optimal route is to get a master’s degree or even a doctorate if you’re passionate about quantum computing.
Yes, it is. Not just anybody can get a job in quantum computing. It takes years of academic study and industry experience to break into the field.
The invention of quantum technology dates back to the 1980s when Richard Feynman and Yuri Manin proposed an idea for the development of quantum computers. This idea did not materialize until 1995 when David Deutsch invented the theory of quantum computing to explain the existence of universes having parallel worlds.
Yes, it is. A career in this field can easily lead to a fulfilling career. The work is extremely engaging and can lead to long-term industry recognition. Those who choose to go into this field will constantly be challenged by their environment to push themselves.
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