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Best Doctorates in Quantum Computing: Top PhD Programs, Career Paths, and Salaries

Shalom Kamau - May 29, 2022

After earning a master’s degree, most graduates set their sights on a doctoral degree or PhD. A PhD is the highest level of education, and earning this esteemed degree will skyrocket your employability potential, industry credibility, and salary range. In this article, we share the best PhDs in Quantum Computing and the expected PhD in Quantum Computing salary.

Besides being highly paid, this field of study offers many exciting opportunities to work with pioneering theory in quantum information technology. PhD in Quantum Computing students will participate in ground-breaking research and upon graduation will be eligible for the best quantum computing jobs in the tech industry.

What Is a PhD in Quantum Computing?

A PhD in Quantum Computing is the highest level of education for professionals in quantum technology. The degree takes four to six years to complete and covers different quantum computing theories, including quantum simulation, quantum sensing, quantum communication, and quantum information theory. The PhD degree facilitates advanced research and facilitates innovative discoveries.

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How to Get Into a Quantum Computing PhD Program: Admission Requirements

The core requirements to get into a quantum computing PhD program are a master’s degree in computer science, math, physics, or a related field, a resume highlighting your work experience, letters of recommendation, and a GRE or GMAT score. Additional admission requirements include application fees, English proficiency test scores, transcripts, a statement of purpose, essays, and a high GPA.

Generally, these are the minimum PhD admission requirements, but the prerequisites can differ from school to school. You will find a detailed list of requirements on the selected school’s website.

PhD in Quantum Computing Admission Requirements

  • Application form and fee
  • Master’s degree in Physics, Computer Science, or a related field
  • GRE, GMAT, and English proficiency test scores
  • Two or three letters of recommendation
  • Statement of purpose
  • Resume
  • Transcripts

Quantum Computing PhD Acceptance Rates: How Hard Is It to Get Into a PhD Program in Quantum Computing?

It is extremely hard to get into a PhD program in quantum computing. Quantum computing is difficult to learn, and a PhD demands a lot of attention to detail, research, and one-on-one interactions between students and professors. That means that universities maintain small class sizes to ensure student success.

The Council of Graduate Schools survey indicates that the overall PhD acceptance rate is 22.3 percent . Public universities accept approximately 26.4 percent of applicants, while private universities accept 16.3 percent of applicants. These numbers will vary by school. For example, the University of South Carolina admits 10-15 percent of its PhD applicants , and Harvard University admits approximately seven percent of the doctoral degree applicants.

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Best PhDs in Quantum Computing: In Brief

School Program Online Option
California Institute of Technology PhD in Computing and Mathematical Sciences No
Capitol Technology University PhD in Quantum Computing Yes
Harvard University PhD in Quantum Science and Engineering Yes
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) PhD in Physics, Statistics, Data Science No
Purdue University PhD in Physics No
University of California, Berkeley PhD in Physics No
University of Chicago PhD in Quantum Science and Engineering No
University of Maryland PhD in Computer Science Yes
University of Oxford PhD in Computer Science No
University of Waterloo PhD in Physics (Quantum Information) Yes

Best Universities for Quantum Computing PhDs: Where to Get a PhD in Quantum Computing

The best PhD quantum computing programs offer quality instruction in advanced quantum computing topics, research work, and unique assistantship opportunities. Some institutions also offer the flexibility of online learning.  Keep reading for an overview of the best quantum computing PhD programs, including admission requirements and funding opportunities.


California Institute of Technology

Pasadena, California

California Institute of Technology , also known as Caltech, is a private institution known for its research in science and engineering. The university was founded in 1891 and offers a wide range of graduate options, including astrophysics, medical engineering, neurobiology, chemistry, applied mechanics, and computing and mathematical sciences.

Caltech is currently involved in several research initiatives where students can contribute through assistantships or coursework.

PhD in Computing and Mathematical Sciences

A PhD in Computing and Mathematical Sciences accommodates students with a background in applied math, economics, electrical engineering, physical sciences, and computer science. You will delve into a wide range of topics such as algorithms, machine learning, signal processing, statistics, data interpretation, and laws of quantum mechanics.

You will participate in quantum and information computation research , where you will learn from world-class faculty and contribute to ongoing research. Additionally, you will select a research advisor who will guide you through the ins and outs of your dissertation.

PhD in Computing and Mathematical Sciences Overview

  • Program Length: Six years
  • Acceptance Rate: 7%
  • Tuition and Fees: $58,467/year
  • PhD Funding Opportunities: Assistantships, external fellowship, institute fellowship, parent support program, and federal, institute, and short-term emergency loans

PhD in Computing and Mathematical Sciences Admission Requirements

  • A bachelor’s degree or equivalent
  • Official and unofficial transcripts
  • Three letters of recommendation
  • A statement of purpose
  • An updated resume
  • English proficiency test scores
  • $100 application fee or fee waiver form

Capitol Technology University

Laurel, Maryland

Capitol Technology University was founded in 1927 and is a premier institution for STEM programs. The graduate school is known for its programs in information technology, business, computer science, and engineering. Capital Tech offers twenty-nine graduate programs, which are all online.

PhD in Quantum Computing

The PhD in Quantum Computing prepares you for many careers. Upon graduation, you can work as a quantum computing director, senior quantum systems engineer, or director of financial quantum computing. The quantum computing industry is growing rapidly, and Capitol aims to equip PhD students with the vital skills that meet industry needs.

The curriculum features six-credit coursework that takes you from the foundational stages of a dissertation thesis to completion. Students can select between a thesis and publication option to meet graduation requirements. Capitol Tech PhD graduates demonstrate mastery in quantum computing, theoretical basis, and practical applications, as well as proficiency in research.

PhD in Quantum Computing Overview

  • Program Length: Two to four years
  • Acceptance Rate: N/A
  • Tuition and Fees: $933/credit
  • PhD Funding Opportunities: Tuition discounts, loans, assistantships, veteran benefits, scholarships

PhD in Quantum Computing Admission Requirements

  • Master’s in relevant field
  • Resume demonstrating at least five years of work experience
  • Two recommendation forms
  • 1000 to 2000-word essay
  • $100 application fee

Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts

Founded in 1636, Harvard University is one of the best private Ivy League universities worldwide. The university is known for its commitment to research, high-quality education, and a strong academic community. Harvard's graduate school offers over 50 graduate programs and guarantees five years of funding for all PhD students.

PhD in Quantum Science and Engineering

You will complete this PhD under the Harvard Quantum Initiative , a program only available for PhD students. The degree prepares you for diverse research careers that require knowledge of quantum mechanics methods.

You will cover quantum simulation, sensing, and computation. PhD students begin research work in their first year through lab rotations and engage in extensive mentoring programs. Communication training is also a part of the program.

PhD in Quantum Science and Engineering Overview

  • Program Length: Five years
  • Acceptance Rate: N/A
  • Tuition and Fees: $52,456/year for the first two years of study
  • PhD Funding Opportunities: Fellowships, grants, research assistantships, traineeships, stipends, federal student aid, loans, veteran benefits

PhD in Quantum Science and Engineering Admission Requirements

  • Bachelor’s degree in Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, Computer Science, or a related field
  • Statement of purpose
  • $105 application fee
  • Transcripts
  • Three letters of recommendation
  • GRE scores
  • English proficiency test scores

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Cambridge, Massachusetts

Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a private land-grant university founded in 1861. The university is known for its research contributions across various industries. It prioritizes education, research, and innovation. MIT's department of physics contributes to innovation by offering doctoral programs in statistics, data science, and physics.

PhD in Physics, Statistics, and Data Science

At the MIT Physics Department, PhD students will learn probability theory, modeling with machine learning, natural language programming, statistical physics, and linear algebra. As an MIT PhD student, you will acquire essential research skills in probability, statistics, computation, and data analysis, and integrate these into your dissertation thesis. You can choose from a wide selection of research areas and specialize in quantum information science.

PhD in Physics, Statistics, and Data Science Overview

  • Program Length: 3-7 years, 5.6 years on average
  • Acceptance Rate: 9%
  • Tuition and Fees: $27,755/term
  • PhD Funding Opportunities: Fellowships, research assistantships, teaching assistantships

PhD in Physics, Statistics, Data Science Admission Requirement

  • Master’s in relevant field
  • $75 application fee
  • Unofficial transcripts
  • GRE scores
  • English proficiency test scores
  • 3-6 letters of recommendation
  • Statement of objectives
  • Portfolio

Purdue University

West Lafayette, Indiana

Purdue University is a  public university founded in 1869 by the Indiana General Assembly. It was named after John Purdue, who contributed over $100,000 to the school’s establishment. Purdue has undergone many upgrades to become one of the leading research institutions worldwide.

Purdue upholds student-centered traditions and prides itself on a solid alumni network comprising former undergraduate and graduate students. Purdue’s graduate school offers over 160 programs. Graduate students have the opportunity to develop innovative projects in different areas, including business, technology, health care, and food consumption.

PhD in Physics

Purdue University’s Department of Physics and Astronomy maintains a commitment to producing highly-qualified scientists who thrive in the professional sector. Students will explore different courses and receive mentorship from over 50 faculty members, including members of the National Academy of Sciences.

The program offers many research areas, but you can specialize in quantum information science. This area of study allows you to conduct research in information theory, optical physics, and condensed matter systems. It also qualifies you as a member of the Purdue Quantum Science and Engineering Institute Research Group, where you will contribute to ongoing research at the university.

PhD in Physics Overview

  • Program Length: Three to four years
  • Acceptance Rate: 30%
  • Tuition and Fees: $347.85/ credit (in state), $948.30/ credit (out of state)
  • PhD Funding Opportunities: Assistantships, fellowships, grants, loans, scholarships

PhD in Physics Admission Requirements

  • Master’s degree in relevant field
  • 3.0 GPA
  • $60 application fee
  • English proficiency test scores
  • GRE scores (optional)
  • Official transcripts
  • Three letters of recommendation

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California

UC Berkeley is a renowned public research university located in sunny California. The university was founded in 1868 and is known for its high academic standards, unique undergraduate programs, and extensive academic offerings.

Graduate students at UC Berkeley can select from over 100 graduate degrees and various exchange programs. As a student, you will participate in innovative research while interacting with a diverse student community.

PhD in Physics

The physics department at UC Berkeley has designed this PhD program to provide students with a holistic learning experience. Once you demonstrate your competence to pursue the program, you will begin extensive coursework in quantum mechanics.

The faculty mentors will advise you on the best quantum research programs before your preliminary exam. Once you pass the exam, you will start your research and submit progress reports until the last stage. Students complete the candidacy and defend their dissertation before a dignified thesis committee.

PhD in Physics Overview

  • Program Length: Six years
  • Acceptance Rate: N/A
  • Tuition and Fees: $5,721/semester
  • PhD Funding Opportunities: Fellowships, federal student loans, scholarships

PhD in Physics Admission Requirements

  • Bachelor’s degree in relevant field
  • $120 application fee
  • 3.0 GPA scores
  • Physics GRE test scores (optional)
  • English proficiency test scores
  • Three letters of recommendation
  • Unofficial transcripts

The University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois

The University of Chicago is among the leading research universities worldwide. It was founded in 1890 and is known for its state-of-the-art resources, numerous affiliations to innovators and award winners, and an exciting graduate life. Graduate students have access to many doctoral programs in the professional schools, including the Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering.

PhD in Quantum Science and Engineering

The Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering offers this degree to successful PhD applicants. This degree lets you interact with industry experts in quantum science. You will learn about fundamental and applied quantum science, explore courses that shape your future within the quantum computing industry, and receive valuable thesis advice from outstanding advisors.

To graduate, you must complete nine core, specialized, and elective courses. Additionally, you will complete the teaching assistantship at the university after approval from the Vice Dean for Education and Outreach and the Dean of Students. You can also apply for work at several quantum research firms like the Chicago Quantum Exchange.

PhD in Quantum Science and Engineering Overview

  • Program Length: Six years
  • Acceptance Rate: N/A
  • Tuition and Fees: $19,204/quarter
  • PhD Funding Opportunities: Fellowships, teaching assistantships, research assistantships

PhD in Quantum Science and Engineering Admission Requirements

  • Bachelor’s Degree in a STEM field
  • $90 application fee
  • Transcripts
  • English proficiency test scores
  • Statement of purpose
  • Resume
  • Three letters of recommendation

University of Maryland

College Park, Maryland

University of Maryland is a world-renowned public research university founded in 1856. The land-grant institution offers over 230 graduate programs and confers at least 2,800 degrees every year. UMD is known for its extensive research in various fields, including quantum computing, artificial intelligence and robotics, cybersecurity, and computational biology.

PhD in Computer Science

The program targets those looking to expand their knowledge in areas of computer science through research. You must understand computer science fundamentals and demonstrate your ability to engage in extensive research work. Selecting the quantum computing area of study allows you to delve into quantum mechanics for computational complexity, data transmission, information processing, and cryptographic security.

You will work with a world-class faculty to uncover innovations in quantum computers and how quantum computing principles apply to classical computers. The associated faculty currently investigates different topics, including programming languages, quantum algorithms, and hardware architectures. You can also apply for assistantships at the university’s new Quantum Startup Foundry.

PhD in Computer Science Overview

  • Program Length: Four years
  • Acceptance Rate: 22.8%
  • Tuition and Fees: $768/credit (in state), $1,706/credit (out of state)
  • PhD Funding Opportunities: Assistantship, fellowship, grants

PhD in Computer Science Admission Requirements

  • Statement of purpose
  • Transcripts
  • Three letters of recommendation
  • Resume
  • GRE (optional)
  • English proficiency test scores
  • 3.5 GPA (recommended)
  • Portfolio
  • $75 application fee

University of Oxford

Oxford, England

If you are interested in pursuing your quantum computing doctoral abroad, you should apply to the University of Oxford. The University of Oxford is a leading academic institution known for contributing to research and its rigorous academic programs. The university prides itself on years of solid history as one of the oldest universities worldwide, dating back to 1096.

The university offers a wide range of degree programs, including over 300 graduate courses. PhD students also access many research resources, including dedicated research groups like Quantum Group .

PhD in Computer Science

Quantum computing research at the University of Oxford leans into the university’s rich history, combining prior computing milestones with current quantum computing principles. You will pursue a PhD in Computer Science, where you’ll pursue cutting-edge research as part of the Quantum Group, and specialize in quantum science.

PhD in Computer Science Overview

  • Program Length: Three to four years
  • Acceptance Rate: 18.5%
  • Tuition and Fees: $10,766/ year (citizens), $35,670/year (international students)
  • PhD Funding Opportunities: Loans, studentships, scholarships, teaching assistantships

PhD in Computer Science Admission Requirements

  • First-class or high second-class bachelor’s degree with honors and a master’s degree in a relevant field
  • 3.6 GPA
  • Detailed resume
  • English proficiency test scores
  • Official transcripts
  • Letters of recommendation
  • $93.70 application fee

The University of Waterloo

Ontario, Canada

The University of Waterloo began operations in 1957 and has transformed into a premier public research university. It is a large university, sitting on over 1,000 acres and with an undergraduate enrollment of 36,020 students. Students can select doctoral programs from a list of over 190 graduate programs, including actuarial science, civil engineering, computer science, and nanotechnology.

PhD in Computer Science (Quantum Information)

You will complete this doctoral degree at the Institute of Quantum Computing. Students who select the quantum information area of study explore topics such as quantum biology, nanoelectronics-based quantum information processing, optical quantum information, and quantum devices.

Upon graduation, you will have the expertise to lead and contribute to advanced quantum computing research projects.

PhD in Computer Science (Quantum Information) Overview

  • Program Length: Four to five years
  • Acceptance Rate: N/A
  • Tuition and Fees: $2,254/term (citizens), $7,396/term (international students)
  • PhD Funding Opportunities: Scholarships, university funding, grants, bursaries, loans, assistantships

PhD in Computer Science (Quantum Information) Admission Requirements

  • Master’s in Physics with at least 75% standing
  • $125 application fee
  • Transcripts
  • GRE scores
  • Three reference letters
  • English proficiency tests
  • Letter of admission and study permit for international students

Can You Get a PhD in Quantum Computing Online?

Yes, you can get a PhD in Quantum Computing online. As technology continues to offer more flexibility, universities are adjusting their PhD learning formats, allowing students to complete these degrees at their pace and from desired locations. Below are the top five schools for an online PhD in Quantum Computing.

Best Online PhD Programs in Quantum Computing

School Program Length
Bircham International University PhD in Quantum Computing 2 Years
Capitol Technology University PhD in Quantum Computing 2-4 Years
Harvard University PhD in Quantum Science and Engineering 5 Years
University of Maryland PhD in Computer Science 4 years
University of Waterloo PhD in Computer Science (Quantum Information) 4-5 Years

How Long Does It Take to Get a PhD in Quantum Computing?

It takes four to seven years to get a PhD in Quantum Computing. Students must complete advanced quantum computing coursework, pass a comprehensive exam, and submit original research work demonstrating quantum computing applications. The original research, also referred to as a dissertation, plays a significant role in determining how long your PhD takes.

Is a PhD in Quantum Computing Hard?

Yes, a PhD in Quantum Computing is hard. You must develop in-depth knowledge of quantum computers and the process of designing, developing, and building fully-functional quantum machines. A PhD in Quantum Computing involves advanced coursework that includes quantum mechanics, physics, computational intelligence, and big data. These courses are very technical and challenging for any student.

You must also submit an extensive original dissertation, which involves a lot of research. Generally, the dissertation totals 70,000 to 100,000 words. You will spend months discovering new quantum computing theories, developing concepts, and defending everything you discover. In a nutshell, you must be ready and committed before pursuing a PhD in Quantum Computing.

How Much Does It Cost to Get a PhD in Quantum Computing?

It costs $8,000-$50,000 per year to get a PhD in Quantum Computing. According to a 2019 survey by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), PhD students in public institutions pay an average of $11,495 per year. Meanwhile, private institution tuition and fees average $23,138 per year.

It is important to note that these figures don’t represent the full cost of attendance, and you should also consider the cost of living, transportation, and supplies. You can always find the right estimate on the school’s website or through the admissions team.

How to Pay for a PhD in Quantum Computing: PhD Funding Options

The PhD funding options that students can use to pay for a PhD in Quantum Computing include federal grad student loans, scholarships and grants, fellowships, assistantships, and self-funding.

Funding for quantum computing grad students comes from different sources, including universities, charities, government bodies, and quantum computing research institutions. You can find reliable funding options by talking to your peers, building your portfolio, saving up, or pursuing funded PhD programs in Quantum Computing.

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What Is the Difference Between a Quantum Computing Master’s Degree and PhD?

The differences between a quantum computing master’s degree and PhD are the time frame, coursework, funding, and career opportunities. Generally, students complete a Master’s in Quantum Computing before pursuing a PhD, but it is not mandatory for all academic institutions. A PhD takes approximately four to seven years, whereas you can complete your master’s in two years.

The PhD curriculum is very advanced compared to the master’s degree . You must submit a dissertation of your original research work and complete a comprehensive exam before earning your PhD. A PhD in Quantum Computing is also more expensive, but you have access to more funding avenues, including fellowships and assistantships.

Master’s vs. PhD in Quantum Computing Job Outlook

The job outlook for quantum computing professionals with a master’s degree is slightly higher than those with a PhD in the same field. For example, the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates computer and information scientists have a 22 percent job growth rate. These include quantum computing researchers, engineers, and scientists.

On the other hand, BLS classifies senior quantum computing professionals under physicists and astronomers, representing an 8 percent job growth rate over the next ten years. The job outlook may differ because a Master’s in Quantum Computing prepares you for industrial-oriented jobs, whereas a PhD is more focused on research and academic careers.

The difference in Salary for Quantum Computing Master’s vs. PhD

The salary difference for quantum computing master’s and PhD holders is slightly different, with PhD graduates earning more. Although there are no specific salary outlooks for quantum computing, PayScale statistics highlight salaries for computing professionals.

Generally, a PhD in Computing makes you eligible for an average salary of $134,000 per year , while a Master’s in Computing will earn you an average of $111,000 per year . Remember, these are blanket figures for computing jobs, and the salary will differ depending on your job title, location, and employer.

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Why You Should Get a PhD in Quantum Computing

You should get a PhD in Quantum Computing because of the career opportunities, higher earning potential, and extensive knowledge and research opportunities this degree provides. In addition, quantum computing is a highly technical field, and pursuing a PhD allows you to explore uncharted areas of this rapidly growing field.

Reasons for Getting a PhD in Quantum Computing

  • Research Opportunities. A PhD involves a lot of research work, allowing you to make valuable contributions to the field of quantum computers. You will spend a year or more completing your dissertation of original research and making innovative discoveries, which will enhance your knowledge of quantum computing.
  • Higher Earning Potential. A PhD in Quantum Computing is the highest level of education, which means you can negotiate for higher salaries in any job. Although PhD holders have a lower job outlook, they will still earn more than master’s degree holders and undergraduate professionals.
  • Career Opportunities. With advancements in quantum technology, more people pursue computing careers, which makes this field a highly competitive industry. Earning a PhD in Quantum Computing places you ahead of your competition. It is a highly technical field that requires extensive knowledge, and employers will prioritize those with advanced credentials.
  • Become a Quantum Computing Expert. Through extensive research, projects, and advanced coursework, you will gain expert-level knowledge of quantum computers and become an expert in all things quantum computing. Quantum computing PhD holders gain advanced skills in various areas, including quantum research, algorithmic thinking, and quantum software tools.
  • Reach your Full Potential. Earning a PhD in Quantum Computing allows you to reach your full potential. Pursuing a PhD in Quantum Computing is very hard and tests your resilience. Committing to the end allows you to grow professionally and individually through discipline and dedication.

Getting a PhD in Quantum Computing: Quantum Computing PhD Coursework

An engineer analyzing and testing hardware performance on his computer.
Quantum computing PhD courses equip you with the skills to apply quantum technology in various industries.

Getting a PhD in Quantum Computing involves completing extensive coursework that tackles every area of quantum computing. The standard quantum computing PhD coursework includes advanced courses, comprehensive exams, research work, assistantships, and a dissertation thesis. Below is a further analysis of the coursework, graduation requirements, and career outlook.

Quantum Optics

Quantum optics is an area of physics that focuses on applying quantum mechanics principles to occurrences involving light. You will learn about the nature of individual quanta of light, known as a proton, and its interaction with atoms and molecules. You will also explore the history of quantum optics, the first significant developments, and their applications to quantum computing.

Quantum Information Processing

Quantum information processing (QIP) is a core quantum computing course because it tackles an important part of the quantum computing system. This course will teach you how to process, analyze, and interpret quantum data using quantum information processing techniques. You will also explore quantum circuits, quantum control, quantum error-correction systems, quantum complexity theory, and quantum algorithms.

Implementation of Quantum Information Processors

In this course, you will discover the obstacles to implementing a quantum computing device and how to overcome them. You will learn about minimizing control and manipulation to achieve gate operations and the significance of quantum processors in QIP. You will also discover how quantum processors perform calculations based on probability.

Quantum Material Modeling

Quantum materials include topological insulators, magnets, superconductors, and multiferroics. You will learn how quantum materials affect current theory and contribute to quantum computing. Additionally, the course explores the tools and methods required to analyze, synthesize and manipulate these materials.

Quantum Cryptography

Quantum cryptography or quantum key contribution refers to the process of encrypting and protecting quantum information using quantum mechanics principles. You will learn to apply quantum cryptography to data transmission, avoiding leaks and hacking incidents.

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How to Get a PhD in Quantum Computing: Doctoral Program Requirements

To get a PhD in Quantum Computing, you must fulfill the doctoral program requirements. The requirements include a dissertation thesis, exam results, course requirements, candidacy, assistantship requirements, residency, and research seminars.

The requirements are diverse and may vary depending on the academic institution. If you are wondering how to get a PhD in Quantum Computing, read the below list detailing five standard graduation requirements for quantum computing PhD students.


Course Requirements

You must fulfill all the course requirements as per the university’s prerequisites. The coursework will include core courses, electives, and specialized courses. Students must complete all core courses and select a specific number of courses from the other categories. For example, Harvard University requires you to complete four core courses, add two specializations, and three elective courses.


Exam Results

You will complete qualifying or preliminary exams as part of the degree program. Students will complete a comprehensive exam that demonstrates their academic foundation and knowledge of quantum computing fundamentals. This exam will be administered in written or verbal form and indicates you are ready to begin your dissertation work.



Assistantships involve simultaneously working and learning within the academic institution. You can select a teaching, research, lab, or general graduate assistantship. Although assistantships are a mandatory PhD requirement, you will benefit from tuition waivers, cash compensation, and employee benefits like health insurance. You can confirm all the benefits for each program with the graduate studies department.



A PhD candidacy refers to the stage where you have completed all graduation prerequisites except the dissertation thesis. You will complete all the required courses and pass a qualifying exam before advancing into candidacy. Keep in mind that you must submit an application form to qualify for the candidacy.


Thesis for PhD in Quantum Computing

All quantum computing PhD students must complete a detailed thesis of original research work in an area of quantum computing. You will explain your research sources, methods, references, and other relevant parts of a dissertation. Furthermore, you must defend your dissertation work in front of a thesis committee that will ask a variety of open-ended questions.

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PhD in Quantum Computing Salary and Job Outlook

Graduates with a PhD in Quantum Computing enjoy high salaries and access to many job industries. Generally, you will earn between $90,000 and $150,000 or higher depending on your employer. The job outlook is promising because it requires applicants with extensive knowledge in the field, while an increasing number of organizations are implementing quantum computers.

What Can You Do With a PhD in Quantum Computing?

With a PhD in Quantum Computing, you can work as a senior quantum scientist, quantum senior software engineer, quantum optics researcher, and quantum computing research lead. Quantum computing PhD graduates have access to a wide range of career opportunities at senior levels.

You can also apply for jobs across different industries, including health care, academia, Blockchain and cryptocurrencies, supply chain management, cyber security, and finance. Many major companies like IBM Quantum, Microsoft Azure Quantum, Cambridge Quantum, and Amazon are developing quantum computing services.

Best Jobs with a PhD in Quantum Computing

  • Quantum computing professor
  • Quantum optics researcher
  • Quantum error correction researcher
  • Quantum software engineer
  • Quantum research scientist

What Is the Average Salary for a PhD in Quantum Computing

According to PayScale data, a PhD in Computing makes you eligible for an average salary of $134,000 . This figure includes all computing professionals, but quantum computing professionals have even higher earning potential.

Highest-Paying Quantum Computing Jobs for PhD Grads

Quantum Computing PhD Jobs Average Salary
Quantum Systems Manager $159,010
Quantum Physicist $152,430
Quantum Information Research Scientist $131,490
Quantum Computing Engineer $108,774
Quantum Computing Professor $93,070

Best Quantum Computing Jobs with a Doctorate

A Doctorate in Quantum Computing opens doors to jobs with lucrative salaries and amazing benefits. The best quantum computing jobs with a doctorate are primarily senior roles that come with a wide range of responsibilities. Below, you will explore a detailed overview of the highest-paying jobs for PhD graduates, including job outlook, and responsibilities.


Quantum Systems Manager

PhD Salary: $159,010

Quantum system managers act as project managers in quantum computing organizations. You will plan, coordinate, and lead the team in implementing quantum computing activities to meet company needs. In addition, you will direct the maintenance of quantum computers, negotiate with vendors, propose new quantum technology, and report to the stakeholders.


Quantum Physicist

PhD Salary: $152,430

Quantum physicists explore the physical laws that influence the behavior of atoms, electrons, and photons. You will design and perform experiments, develop and explain scientific theories, develop computer software, write scientific papers, and analyze physical data. This is a broad role that entails a wide selection of duties and requires knowledge of quantum algorithms, machine learning, quantum sensing, and quantum mechanics.


Quantum Information Research Scientist

PhD Salary: $131,490

Quantum research scientists help quantum computing organizations to solve problems with research. You will apply quantum theory principles to enhance how quantum computers optimize problems and improve performance. You will also analyze performance results, develop computing languages, present research findings, and test software systems operations.


Quantum Computing Engineer

PhD Salary: $108,774

A quantum computing engineer applies quantum mechanics principles in designing and executing computing experiments. You will design and implement system improvements and collaborate with other engineers within the company to meet set goals. You must demonstrate expertise in electrical and electronic engineering, computer science, quantum physics, artificial intelligence, and programming languages.


Quantum Computing Professor

PhD Salary: $93,070

Quantum computing professors teach quantum computing at the university level. You will teach undergraduate or graduate students, depending on your expertise and the experience you gain from the assistantship. Some of your duties will include developing a course outline, planning lessons and preparing assignments, advising students on the right courses, conducting research, and contributing to curriculum changes.

Is a PhD in Quantum Computing Worth It?

Yes, a PhD in Quantum Computing is worth it. A PhD is the highest level of education and gives you in-depth knowledge of quantum computing skills. It comes with a wide selection of benefits including higher earning potential, research opportunities, and senior career opportunities.

The future of quantum computing is promising as more organizations develop quantum computing cloud services and design quantum computers. You can expand your opportunities across different industries and leave your mark on the development of quantum computers.

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PhD in Quantum Computing FAQ

How can I get a job in Quantum Computing?

You can get a job in quantum computing by pursuing an accredited education path, improving your quantum computing skills, and gaining experience through internships and entry-level or mid-level jobs. You can also expand your portfolio by working on a wide variety of quantum computing projects. A PhD in the field will be the peak academic achievement on your CV.

Do you need a PhD in Quantum Computing to pursue senior careers?

No, you don’t need a PhD in quantum computing to pursue senior careers. The quantum computing industry accommodates master’s degree holders for senior roles. However, pursuing a PhD boosts your research capabilities.

Is quantum computing the future?

Yes, quantum computing is the future. Many organizations are adapting quantum computing applications, and the industry is witnessing a rise in the number of quantum computing startups . The growth also indicates job security throughout the future for quantum computing professionals.

What programming languages can I use in quantum computing?

The programming languages you can use in quantum computing include QML, Quantum Lambda Calculus, QMASM, QCL, and Silq. You will learn how to use these languages to translate data into ideas that quantum computers can implement.

About us: Career Karma is a platform designed to help job seekers find, research, and connect with job training programs to advance their careers. Learn about the CK publication.

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Shalom Kamau

About the author: Shalom is a career freelance writer whose work has appeared online at Ledmond and Watotolove. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in Theatre Arts and Film Technology from Kenyatta University. She also has a copywriting certificate from DigitalMarketer.

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