If you’ve found this article, that means you are on your way to becoming a skilled Python programmer. Congratulations! Whether you’re making a career switch or are just getting into the field, it’s no simple feat to learn an entirely new programming language.
The best way to hone your skills is to constantly challenge yourself to get better by building projects, like the Python projects for beginners we’ve put together on this list. Books and videos can only bring your knowledge to a certain level. Now it’s time to put that knowledge to the test and start finessing your programming experience with Python projects.
Why You Should Learn Python
Proficiency in one (or more) coding languages has become desirable, as programming knowledge can lead to lucrative and rewarding careers. Demand for Python developers has been growing steadily, especially as Python is the third most popular programming language in the world.
What’s more, top companies like Instagram, Google, Spotify, Netflix, Dropbox, Instacart, and Reddit (just to name a few) rely on Python. In short, adding Python to your resume will make you a more attractive candidate to prospective employers.
If you need any more convincing, check out this great resource to learn more about why you should learn Python.
Choosing a Python Project for Beginners
Unless you already have some programming skills under your belt, you’ll want to make sure you’ve learned the basics of Python. If you’re new to learning Python, check out our resources for beginners. You can also visit Codecademy and DataQuest for free courses.
It’s important to note that while you browse through resources you’re not confusing Python 2 & Python 3. While it may be advantageous to understand both, familiarizing yourself more with Python 3 will ensure your skills are the most up-to-date.
Choose a Topic That Interests You
Don’t just start with any project. Browse around and find a topic that sounds interesting. Not only will you enjoy it more if it interests you, but fueling that curiosity will keep you motivated to see the project through. In fact, picking a fun Python project for beginners or a project that will fill a need in your daily life can make the difference between finishing a project and abandoning it.
Think about how well the project will fit into your overall goals. For example, if your career goal is to develop apps, create a simple web app project.
Conversely, if your career interest is data science, find a project that will allow you to analyze a data set. In sum, there are plenty of cool Python project ideas that can be fun and help you work towards a career goal or career track.
Think Small to Make Big Gains
In other words, don’t choose a project that requires expert skill level. Unless you really enjoy the pressure, choosing one that is too difficult early on will only stress you out. It’s okay to dream of a big goal, but recognize that each step of that goal needs to be divided into smaller steps.
Instead, start with easy Python projects first and work your way up to your bigger ideas like web applications, 3D games, or even social media platforms.
Games & Challenges for Beginner Python Developers
It is said that practice makes perfect. And, one is not an expert at anything until they have practiced for more than 10,000 hours. That may sound daunting, but don’t be discouraged. These simple games and challenges will help to boost your understanding and confidence.
For more game ideas, check out the PyGame wiki for more Python tutorials and get typing away on that command line.
Here’s a list of nine great Python projects for beginners:
- Rock, Paper, Scissors Game – One of the most beloved games of all-time and a simple Python project to test your skills. Start by making it player vs computer. Skills used: Gain a better understanding of while loops and if statements.
- Build a Twitter Bot – Want to engage your Twitter followers even when you’re offline working on other projects? You’ll need to sign up as a Twitter developer to do it, but don’t worry, it’s not as difficult as you’d think.
- Guess The Number – This could be a fun Python project for groups or events where you need to randomly generate a number, say between 0 and 20. It can be used to conduct lotteries, in place of board game dice (or build a dice roller below), or just between players to guess a random number. Skills used: Getting familiar with the random function, variables, integers, print, if/else, and while loops.
- MadLibs Generator – Remember that game we used to play as kids where we would put silly words in blanks and laugh hysterically as it was read back? Well, you can relive those hilarious moments by working on your Python skills. Skills used: Strings, variables, concatenation, print.
- Hangman – Similar to generating a random number, this Python game substitutes a word where the user guesses the letters. You will also need to create a counter to count the number of guesses of the wrong letters. Skills used: Random library, boolean, input/output, char, string, and length.
- Password Generator – Make a random password generator for your friends and family to keep their accounts secure! Skills used: Random library & sequencing.
- Dice Roller – Similar to the “Guess the Number” game above, building a dice roller can be used to play games. Or you can make one similar to a Magic 8-Ball to answer your most profound questions! Skills used: Random library, print, while loops.
- Text-Based Adventure – This Python project is a simple quest game where the user can walk around different rooms and get a description of each one. You’ll have to set limits on how far they can walk, which direction they can go, and a way to track where the user is at in the game. Skills used: Variables, strings, input/output, if/else, print, and list.
- Secret Cipher – Generate and decipher secret ciphers. This works well with a fellow programmer where one of you makes a cipher and the other deciphers the secret message. Skills used: Encryption methods.
Beginner Python Projects for Data Science
Here’s a list of free Python projects for beginners where you’re bound to find something that intrigues you and beckons you to dig deeper. With these, you can create a visually stunning data structure project to present to classmates, friends, colleagues, or anyone else!
These datasets can be used for neural networks, deep learning, and machine learning projects:
- BuzzFeed News
- World Bank
- Kaggle (Includes Stack Overflow datasets)
- Academic Torrents
- UCI Machine Learning Repository
Python Web Development Projects for Beginners
A great place to get started is to check out Flask tutorials for building a simple, yet complete Python-based website. Flask doesn’t offer much guidance on the graphical user interface, but it will provide a strong foundation upon which you can build.
Udemy also offers a course on how to build 8 different web apps that is worth checking out! Additionally, check out these 12 project ideas for more ideas on beginner projects for web developers using Python.
Cryptography Concepts for Python Beginners
Cryptopals has several fun challenges for testing your cryptography skills. Challenges such as converting hex to base64, fixed XOR, single-byte XOR cipher, break repeating-key XOR, and more to start off with. These challenges will gradually increase in complexity, so you’ll probably find yourself coming back again and again.
Automate Boring Tasks with Python Projects for Beginners
Let’s not sugarcoat it here. Sometimes Python programming involves several tasks that can appear mundane and repetitive. Fortunately, you can automate a lot of those dull tasks, freeing you up to work on more pressing tasks.
Save some time by automating things like:
- Search for text in a file or across multiple files
- Split, extract text, merge, watermark, and encrypt PDFs
- Send reminder emails and texts
- Create, update, move, and rename files and folders
- Update and format data in Excel spreadsheets
- Fill out online forms
- Search the Web and download online content
There is a free site called Automate the Boring Stuff where you can browse through these topics and more. You can also buy the book for future reference.
If you’re looking for some more guidance as you hone your coding ability, checkout these coding bootcamps. These courses can boost your programming skills and proficiency! Coding bootcamps are great options for people who may not have the time and money to commit to going back to school to learn programming. In fact, some coding bootcamps are even offered for free.
With these fun Python project ideas, you can get important practice with Python while working towards your dream job. Start small, and work smart. Finally, pick a project that you think you can accomplish now, and keep building on your knowledge by practicing with new projects.