In today’s fast-paced job market and economy, learning to code has become more important than ever. Not only does it offer access to higher wages, but it also opens up opportunities to work in a wide range of industries that align with your interests. As the demand for software developers continues to grow at an astonishing rate of 25 percent, programming has become a smart career choice that will increase your employability and future-proof your career.
The good news is that there are a plethora of free resources available for those looking to learn to code. From bootcamps and coding apps to online courses and tutorials, there’s never been a better time to start your coding journey. As experts in the field of coding education, we have compiled a comprehensive guide to the best free resources for learning to code, including the top resources for learning specific programming languages. So if you’re ready to take your skills to the next level and start building a career in tech, keep reading to find out the best ways to learn coding for free.
Free Coding Bootcamps
Free web development bootcamps are an excellent way to learn to code without needing to invest money. Most bootcamps are designed for complete beginners and they train you from coding beginner to professional. They do this by providing you with intensive training, using up-to-date resources, and providing you with career services, mentors, and other tools to prepare you for tech jobs.
You can opt to enroll in a free coding bootcamp online and learn from the comfort of your home. If this is an option that sounds appealing to you, keep reading to find out about the best free coding bootcamps so you can start your coding journey and develop new programming skills.
App Academy Open
The popular coding bootcamp App Academy offers its entire full stack development curriculum for $0 on its online learning platform App Academy Open. This program takes 24 weeks to complete and offers students over 500 hours of resources to begin their coding journeys regardless of their skill level.
One of the most renowned coding bootcamp institutions, General Assembly, provides its own no-cost project-based bootcamp known as GA Dash. It’s a great introductory course for students just starting out. It can also double as a coding bootcamp prep course for General Assembly’s immersive programs or other bootcamps.
Makers Academy Free Ruby Course
Makers Academy is a UK-based coding bootcamp. This bootcamp provider offers a free coding program for students to learn Ruby. Interested students will receive an email every other day for a month containing exercises, stories, and ways to connect with other students and programmers. This is a great free coding program for basic courses on Ruby.
Revature works by partnering with universities to offer free coding programs to students. Some courses are delivered in person and some are accessible online. Immersive courses cover programming and software development. Revature seeks to help students bolster their university education with real, practical development and coding skills in 10 to 14 weeks.
Rithm School Free Courses
Skillcrush Free Coding Camp
It is important to get lots of practice when learning to code. And one of the best ways to get that practice is with coding challenges. Coding challenges also help develop your problem-solving skills and computational thinking.
CodeSignal is a learning platform for practicing and testing coding skills. It has an integrated console, and you can code in a variety of languages. The dashboard allows you to see your streaks and earn badges. Some companies use CodeSignal to give out technical challenges to applicants. So you might get a link to complete a coding challenge through CodeSignal when applying for a job.
Edabit takes the challenge of learning to code the most popular programming languages and turns it into an interactive activity via coding games. You’ll take on thousands of challenging levels as you improve your coding abilities. It’s a fun way for people of all age levels to start their coding journey.
Exercism.io is a learning platform that offers several tracks to get you started in your coding journey and to develop tech skills. You get feedback on submissions and a bunch of languages to practice. As you progress, you can become a mentor and help out the community of aspiring coders.
HackerRank is a great resource if you would like to upskill with coding challenges. Every problem has its own IDE with tests. There is a game component to it as well. You earn ‘hackos’ when you solve problems that you can later use to buy test cases.
Free Coding Apps
With the impressive number of programming apps available, you can learn essential skills in programming or practice your programming no matter where you are. Below, you’ll find some of the best no-cost coding apps for beginners.
Repl.it is a collaborative, browser-based development environment. Using Repl.it, you can run code in dozens of languages, from HTML to Java, right from your browser. You can share the code you write in Repl.it so you can easily collaborate with friends and other developers on a project.
The SoloLearn app is one of the best mobile apps for learning content in programming, data science, and web development. The text-based interface provides code samples to help you learn before letting you try things out on your own.
Most of the content on SoloLearn costs $0. But you can opt to buy a subscription through the app store for an ad-free experience and premium materials.
Best Online Coding Courses and Resources – General Knowledge
When you’re just starting out on your journey to learn to code, it’s a good idea to find free coding courses and resources to help you master the fundamentals. Free coding classes, courses, and blogs such as the ones listed below can give you the knowledge you need to succeed as a programmer. Keep reading to see our list of the best free coding courses and resources.
A List Apart
A well-established blog, A List Apart is focused on web standards and best practices. With over 20 years worth of content, it is also a good resource for UX ideas and conversations on the latest trends.
After Hours Programming
With After Hours Programming, you can learn and practice web development via freebie tutorials. The platform has some PHP lessons that are popular.
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AGupieWare, an independent app developer, has created The Everyware Blog as a companion site. It is packed with content covering everything from new apps, technology, and digital rights and privacy to best practices that should be followed by industry experts. The blog offers reviews, news, and opinion pieces.
Bento is a tech education company and an excellent option for any absolute beginners who have no programming experience. The site compiles the best the web has to offer for web development students into “tracks.” Each track is like a syllabus for each part of your development training.
BitDegree is a massive repository of courses on everything from software engineering to WordPress development. While the platform offers paid courses, many of its excellent training programs are available for free.
The online learning platform Code Avengers offers a free trial for students of web development. Courses include an interactive learning environment, code playground, videos, and text-based instruction.
Code Conquest is a great resource for finding useful tutorials, training, web development tools, and lots of other stuff. It also provides advice and recommendations for apps and programming project ideas.
Code with Chris
While Code with Chris does offer paid learning content, it also provides a free iOS app development course. If you want to learn Swift to program iPhone and iPad applications, this is an excellent place to start. He’ll even send you a printed certificate of completion.
You can learn to code with Codecademy. It is easily one of the most well-known free coding resources, and for a good reason. You’ll have to pay for their unlimited “Pro” subscription, but their basic free plan is more than enough to get you started.
With Codecademy, you can study just about any coding topic you can think of. You can pick up skills in web development or Android and iOS development. You can also discover their full range of programming languages, including Java, Ruby, C++, R, PHP, Go, Swift, and Kotlin. They even have plenty of options for data science, machine learning, and data analysis.
The Coursera online learning platform is one of the most popular and user-friendly online coding schools out there. Designed for people who want to learn a variety of skills and topics, Coursera offers several coding lessons and courses for beginners, as well as advanced courses for experienced developers. Coursera has outstanding free training courses taught by software engineers at some of the most prestigious institutions in the world.
Like Coursera, edX is an online learning platform that offers courses in a variety of disciplines, including science courses and humanities courses, taught by professors from top universities like Stanford. While you can purchase the courses and earn a certification, most are available for free under the computer science category.
In addition, you can get a certificate of completion at the end of each freeCodeCamp course you take. These certificates are a great addition to your LinkedIn profile page or your technical resume to showcase your coding skills.
Hackr.io offers online programming courses and tutorials free of charge. They cover a wide range of topics, from specific programming languages to coding for specific platforms and different coding frameworks.
The range of information offered means that this is a great resource to learn to code, whether you are a beginner or an experienced coder looking to learn new skills. You can filter courses by cost, community upvotes, and format.
Khan Academy offers courses in a wide variety of topics within and outside tech. It provides free courses in computer science and computer programming. Khan Academy’s courses include both video and text-based learning methods, making learning on this platform interactive and fun.
Mammoth Interactive is an online educational platform with a wide variety of web development, machine learning, data science, and business courses. Some of its courses are cross-offered on other platforms such as Udemy. You can buy courses individually or subscribe to get access to all courses for a monthly fee.
MIT Open Courseware
The MIT OpenCourseware website is basically a catalog of materials from hundreds of past MIT classes. Head on over and start learning from some of the best software engineers in the world at no cost.
React Armory is an educational coding website focusing on React content. It lets you use a web IDE to code in React from your browser. For beginners in programming, it takes away some setup nuances and gets you learning how to code React fast.
Scrimba offers a wide variety of courses on web development and different frameworks. Some of its courses are free; others you need to pay for. The platform’s UI is clean, and you can code as you watch the tutorials.
The Odin Project
Thinkster was created to help online learners put their newly gained skills to the test and create apps. It offers a variety of coding resources. It also offers no-cost courses, and you can upgrade to premium classes as well. Their Angular fundamentals course has over 100 lessons and is very popular with beginners looking to develop a new and valuable skill.
Udacity is a top destination for those wanting to work on their web development and software engineering skills free of charge. The slick interface and interactive learning environment make Udacity one of the best coding teachers you’ve ever had.
You really can learn just about everything on Udacity, no matter your skill level. You can get started with web development or Android basics, or even jump right into some AI deep dive courses.
In general, you can learn almost anything on Udemy. And while the platform does offer paid courses, there are plenty of free coding classes to go around. You can work on everything from Android development and data science to software engineering and WordPress development. Udemy also has classes in topics adjacent to tech, like marketing and graphic design.
Learn The Command Line for Free
The command line is a text interface you can use to give instructions to your computer that are immediately executed. If you want to learn to code, a great place to start is the command line. Don’t worry, you don’t need to master all commands immediately, but learning to use basic, everyday commands can help you kickstart your coding journey. Keep reading to find some resources you can use to master the command line.
Learn Enough Command Line to Be Dangerous
Learn Enough Command Line to Be Dangerous is a well-known resource to master the command line to navigate Unix-based systems. The basic tutorials they offer are available for free on their website, and you can upgrade to a membership and gain access to additional knowledge and features.
Conquering the Command Line
Learn all the most useful Linux/Unix commands with Conquering the Command Line. The e-book is robust, easy to read, and costs nothing to access online.
Learn HTML and CSS for Free
HTML and CSS are the building blocks of the vast majority of websites that currently populate the Internet. HTML is a text-based programming language used to define the structure of a website, while CSS is a programming language used to determine the visual layout of a site. If you want to learn to code, you’ll need to become familiar with these languages.
If you are looking for a more interactive tutorial on how to use flexbox, Flexbox Froggy is a great choice. The concept is simple, you need to use simple commands using the flexbox to get frogs to their lilypads. This will exercise your ability to use flexbox to adjust position on a webpage. There is also a CSS Grid counterpart to the game as well.
Flexbox Zombies is an interactive, educational game that features a storyline. Your objective is to use flexbox to aim your crossbow or your laser weapon to do away with the undead. It is designed to help you practice basic commands and use them quickly and effectively through fun code challenges.
Get your feet wet with HTML with the tutorials, references, and other resources available at HTML.com. This site has tons of great material to learn to code at no charge to you. Be sure to check out its excellent HTML cheat sheet.
Learn to Code HTML & CSS
Learn to Code HTML & CSS was designed to introduce users to the fundamentals of HTML and CSS. The free guide includes sections covering the most common elements related to each programming language, with a focus on front end development. It is a great resource for beginners.
Learn to code for $0 with the HTML and CSS tutorials at Marksheet.io. It provides a clean and modern UI and is a great resource for beginners and those that want to learn the basics.
Learn Git Online
Git is a version control software that has become immensely popular among coders worldwide. It is used to keep track of changes in the code and is excellent for teams collaborating on a single project. As you learn to code, make sure to invest some time learning how to use Git, which you can do online and for free using the resources listed below.
The official documentation of any tool or technology is always a handy resource for learners. GitHub Docs will teach you how to set up Git, create a repository, and interact with fellow coders. Here, you’ll also find courses and training materials to master Git.
Git Immersion is an interactive online tutorial on all the fundamentals of Git. With a clean UI and easy-to-follow practical exercises, it’s a Git primer for beginners. The tutorial is based on the premise that, in order to properly learn something, you need to practice it.
GitHub Learning Lab
The GitHub Learning Lab is a place designed so you can immerse yourself in the world of Git and master it through practice. Through a series of projects that you complete sequentially, you will become familiar with the fundamentals of Git and gain first-hand experience on the potential of this tool for developers of all kinds.
Learn to Code Python Free Online
Python has made its way into the list of most popular programming languages used by coders, so it’s a great idea to learn to code Python for free online. This general-purpose, interpreted language can be used to build websites and software, as well as conduct data analysis. Keep reading to learn about some great resources to master Python.
A Byte of Python
A Byte of Python is a free e-book that’s great for those starting to learn Python 3. The book’s simple English is beginner-friendly and will walk you through the very basics, including installing Python and using its basic features. As you progress, you can learn about functions, modules, data structures and other advanced Python features.
Hitchhiker’s Guide to Python
Whether you are a novice or experienced developer, you’ll find a breadth of knowledge to draw from in The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Python. The handbook offers installation, configuration, and best practices modules. It also gives multiple Python use cases in areas like web, command line, databases, and scientific applications.
Program Arcade Games With Python
This online book serves as a comprehensive Python course. Built around the idea of creating arcade games with Python and Pygame, you will be introduced to simple concepts like printing expressions to the console. Then, the book moves on to more advanced Python features and teaches you how to add graphics and movement to your applications.
The official website of the Python Foundation keeps you up to date on the latest developments in Python. The official documentation available on the site is designed both for beginners and experienced developers and can help you master this language and stay on top of the latest updates and features.
Think Python aims to teach general programming and computer science through the Python language. It is an online book designed to introduce students to this programming language in as plain a way as possible, walking them through a logical progression in a way that allows them to build a solid foundation upon which they can build their coding knowledge.
Learn Ruby and Ruby on Rails for Free
Ruby is an open-source, general-purpose programming language, and Ruby on Rails is an open-source, backend framework for web development. Both of these tools can be used in tandem to build effective websites. Keep reading to find some great resources you can use to learn Ruby and Ruby on Rails for free.
Introduction to Programming with Ruby by Launch School
Introduction to Programming with Ruby by Launch School is a great resource for complete beginners with no coding experience. It covers setting up a development environment and the basics of Ruby syntax, making it a great resource to learn Ruby online for free.
Learn to Program by Chris Pine
Learn to Program is dedicated to students who have never programmed before. It is recommended on Ruby’s website as a guide to learning programming concepts before doing a deep dive into the language and its coding potential.
As an interactive platform for those beginning with the language, LearnRubyOnline.org teaches basic concepts all the way to more complex ones. It was designed as a free, interactive tutorial that will help you build a solid Ruby foundation.
If you want to build applications with Ruby on Rails, your first stop should be Rails Guides. Here, you’ll find tons of thorough tutorials and detailed code samples to get you through every step of the development process.
Ruby in 20 Minutes
Interested in getting started with Ruby programming and want to learn to code fast? If so, look no further than the official Ruby website, which offers a short, 20-minute introduction to the Ruby language.
Ruby Koans offers edge case Ruby challenges to learn the language, syntax structure, and common functions and libraries. To get started, you download the koan coding challenges and you make progress by passing tests.
This free coding tutorial by Satish Talim is one of the first resources listed on Ruby’s documentation. His study notes cover most of the main aspects of the language. It is a great resource to learn to code online for free.
RubyMonk offers free interactive coding tutorials for beginner programmers to advanced developers. In each of the lessons, there are inline IDEs so you can test and practice writing Ruby code.
Learn Java Online
Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language used to create software development tools and apps for the web and Android. It is easy to write, compile and debug, making it a great option to learn to code for free. Keep reading to learn about some great resources you can use to learn Java online.
CodeGym is an online Java course designed to help you learn the fundamentals of Java and its applications. It offers over 1,200 tasks that you can use to practice your newly acquired skills and get a sense of the types of apps you can build using this programming language.
Java Code Geeks
Java Code Geeks is an independent online community created to support Java developers. It provides both beginner and advanced coders with resources, newsletters, tutorials, and even open source projects so learners can put their skills to the test and solidify their skills.
Java Programming Basics
Udemy has a fairly short free course on Java programming that starts with beginner concepts such as variables, types, and classes. It will help you create Java programs from scratch, and teach you how to break down large projects into manageable sizes. This is a helpful primer to help you get started before you move on to more advanced Java features and practices.
Learn PHP for Free Online
PHP is a scripting language designed primarily to be used for web development. When you master PHP, you can use it to build dynamic and responsive websites. Keep reading to find the best resources to learn PHP for free online.
Killer PHP was designed to help students master PHP through simple, practical exercises. The site includes a comprehensive archive of video tutorials you can use to understand the basics as well as advanced PHP features, making this a great resource for developers of all experience levels.
Learn-php.org is a free, interactive PHP tutorial designed for anyone wishing to learn this programming language regardless of experience level. Both beginner and advanced users can access the materials directly on the site, selecting whatever topic they wish to start their PHP coding journey.
PHP: The Right Way
PHP: The Right Way is a plain, straightforward resource for anyone seeking to learn PHP. It includes tutorials on various topics, as well as information on additional resources you may find useful, events you can attend to connect with the PHP developer community, and other relevant resources that will help you as you learn to code.
PHPBuddy.com was created to help learners of all levels dive into PHP. It includes articles, tutorials, and scripts that you can use for free. It is a perfect resource for beginners, as it begins by covering the fundamentals and shifts into intermediate topics and techniques.
Learn C, C++, and C# for Free Online
As you advance on your coding journey, you will probably run into C, C++, and C# and want to dive into them. While they are three distinct programming languages, both C++ and C# were built as an extension of C, which means the latter is probably the best place to start. Keep reading to find the best resources to learn C, C++, and C# for free online.
C# Station is a community site offering helpful tutorials, articles, and other resources for students looking to dive into C# and learn its core concepts. It also offers a list of links to other interactive courses and resources that are helpful to advanced students.
Codeasy is a clever site that uses an interactive story format to teach you the basics of C++. If you’re not sure how to learn to code and want something that takes you from the very first step to more advanced concepts, then this site is a great place for you to start.
CPlusPlus.com is a detailed guide packed with simple lessons and useful resources that will help you master C++. The site also includes articles, reference materials, and a forum where you can connect with other students.
Learn-CPP.org is a free, interactive tutorial designed for learners of all experience levels. It covers everything surrounding C++, from fundamentals concepts to structures, functions, loops, arrays, and variable types, among many other topics that you can dive into according to your needs and interests.
Programiz offers tutorials designed for absolute beginners wishing to learn how to code for free. It also includes examples and exercises that guide you in creating your own programs and running your own code. You can learn C and C++ with this resource, as well as a variety of additional programming languages.
TutorialsTeacher is designed to teach you the concepts and skills needed to succeed as a developer working with C#. There are several sections covering C# fundamentals, as well as sections introducing you to advanced topics and several articles you will find useful as you deepen your C# knowledge.
Learn Machine Learning for Free
Machine learning is a growing field. Developers focused on machine learning use artificial intelligence (AI) to create software applications capable of predicting outcomes more accurately. If you’re interested in diving into the world of machine learning, keep reading to find out about the best resources to learn machine learning for free.
Learn With Google offers a wide array of resources so you can pick up machine learning skills from professionals in the field. This platform offers resources appropriate for both beginner and expert coders. There are guides, tutorials, courses, and videos to help guide you through the world of machine learning.
Machine Learning Mastery
Machine Learning Mastery is a blog and community with over 1,000 tutorials and e-books. For those that are starting out, it offers tutorials and step-by-step guides on commonly used algorithms in machine learning.
Learn UI/UX Design for Free
User interface (UI) and user experience (UX) design are disciplines focused on providing users with a seamless experience when using a product or service. While coding is not indispensable to work in this field, understanding coding principles and being familiar with common programming languages can help put you ahead of the competition and propel your career forward. Check out these resources to learn UI/UX design for free.
Become a UX Designer by CareerFoundry
This short course by CareerFoundry is an excellent option if you want to explore the world of user experience design and see if it’s the right path. Over the course of six days, you will receive short lessons that will introduce you to the foundations of this discipline. The course is self-paced and designed to take up a short amount of time per day.
Although Figma is more of a tool than a course, it is designed to promote collaboration among designers and streamline UX/UI projects, making it very useful for beginners wanting to try their hand in this field. It also offers focused advice through its blog.
The Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction
The Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction is a compilation of free textbooks written by leaders in the field. Over 4,000 pages of content are available to help you understand the design principles needed to create interactive websites, software, apps, and more.
UXPin offers a great wireframing tool for UX development. You can make wireframes, and changes can be viewed by other team members. With this tool, members of a team can quickly collaborate on design projects and gather feedback from peers, making it a great tool to advance your knowledge in the field.
Learn Mobile App Development for Free
Mobile app development is a growing field. As a programmer, mastering the processes and procedures involved in the creation of apps can be a quick way to launch a highly successful career. If you want to learn mobile app development for free, check out the resources listed below.
100 Days of SwiftUI
100 Days of SwiftUI focuses on building applications, and learning programming concepts from the ground up to form a habit. The first 15 days take a look at basic programming concepts and how to do them in Swift. The following concepts focus on the UI and how to create a beautiful interface for users.
Android Developers Training Courses
The training courses offered on the Android for developers website are a fantastic introduction to the world of development for Android apps. The courses are divided into various categories, including beginners, advanced coders, Android Java developers, and more. The videos are succinct and offer the info you’ll need to get started in this industry.
Android Documentation for App Developers
This documentation for app developers will prove useful to you if you want to try and build your first app. You will find guides and even sample code that you can use to create an app for a variety of Android devices.
Codecademy has created a fairly comprehensive introduction course on Swift that will get you started on your iOS development career. The course includes a brief introduction, and then covers topics such as variables, conditionals and logic, loops, functions, and structures.
Coding YouTube Channels
One of the most popular ways to learn to code these days is to watch free coding courses and tutorials on YouTube. There are tons of great coding channels on YouTube, so you’ll have no trouble finding at least a couple of sources for programming wisdom.
CS Dojo is a channel with 1.85 million subscribers. The videos available cover a wide range of programming and computer science topics. You can learn to code by viewing its beginner tutorials, taking a deep dive into Python programming, or watching tutorials and interviews with other experts to learn about different topics.
LearnCode.academy has 758,000 subscribers. It has a slew of web development tutorials that make it a great resource for anyone wanting to learn to code for free online.
Bootcamp vs Course: Which Is Better?
If you are still on the fence regarding whether to choose a free coding bootcamp or a free online course, the answer is clear: a coding bootcamp is the best option because it will allow you to acquire the skills you need to get started in your tech career of choice.
Coding courses are short programs designed to improve a particular skill, such as coding in HTML or using the command line. Most free coding courses online tend to last a few days or weeks and don’t dive deep into the subject matter, covering only the basics and a few intermediate elements.
By comparison, coding bootcamps last anywhere from three months to a year. During that time, students engage in intensive coursework and develop a strong foundation in the chosen subject under the tutelage of experienced instructors. However, unlike paid options, most free coding bootcamps don’t come with career services.
What’s the Best Way to Learn How to Code for Free?
The best way to learn to code is by getting clear on your goals and then finding free resources, such as online courses, bootcamps, or tutorials, to help you get started. It is best if you pick a track that involves a lot of practice, such as a free coding bootcamp, as this will help you hone your skills and solidify your knowledge.
If you find that coding is a good fit for you, then you can consider enrolling in a paid coding bootcamp in order to get training that’s specific to your interests and career goals. The best coding bootcamps offer the most updated and comprehensive curricula, career services, and industry connections. In addition, bootcamps offer many financing options, such as scholarships and income share agreements.
Learn to Code for Free FAQ
When you learn to code, you gain access to a variety of job opportunities across industries worldwide. Whether you want to become a software engineer or mobile app developer, coding equips you with the tools and know-how to launch a flexible career, earn well, and find employment according to your interests and goals.
Is coding hard?
Coding is not a very hard skill to learn. Although it requires time and patience, as well as problem-solving and reasoning skills, it is generally agreed that anyone can learn to code if they put in the time. Most people agree that it takes anywhere from three to six months to get comfortable with the fundamentals of coding.
How long does it take to learn to code?
How long it takes to learn to code will depend on how much time you can invest. If you are committed to studying coding and practicing every day, you can pick up the basic skills in a few weeks or months. From there, you can determine which specific skills or programming languages you want to learn in greater depth.
What’s the best programming language to learn first?
Python is a great programming language to learn first because of how approachable it is. Another option is to learn HTML and CSS, since they are the building blocks of most websites on the Internet. The easiest coding language to learn will ultimately depend on your career goals.
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