There’s never been a better time to build an app. Today, over 2.1 BILLION people use smartphones, so you have an enormous market for your application. It’s not an easy process, but it’s certainly possible to learn how to code a mobile application. In this article, we’ll go over the basics of app development for iOS and Android, along with some useful tips to help bring your idea into reality.
If you don’t know how to code, don’t worry. Career Karma can set you up with fast coding education programs that’ll teach you everything you’ll need to know. While it’s possible to learn on your own, attending a programming course will give you access to trained instructors and set you up for a real tech career.
App development is a satisfying and potentially lucrative skill, and we’ll help you get started on the right track.
The Basics of App Development
Before you begin, you need to ask yourself, “Who am I building this app for?” How you answer that question can have a significant impact on the strategies you use to build your program. Grab a piece of paper and take some notes about your app so you’ll have something to go by later. Answer these questions:
- Who is my target audience?
- What platform will my app run on?
- What problem will my creation solve?
- What vital features will be necessary for my app?
- What coding language will I develop my app in?
If you can’t answer all these questions at once, that’s okay. Start by examining your target audience and the purpose of your app.
After you figure out your target audience, it’s time to move on to a process called wireframing. This is the part of the process where you plan out the fundamentals of your app, including the layout and features. This process is vital to your success, so don’t skip out on planning.
A wireframe is not coding; it’s merely a visual expression of ideas. You can use an online wireframing site, or start by sketching out your application’s pages. Once you get an idea of how it should look, you can begin researching the tools you’ll need to make those features happen.
Once you complete your wireframe, it’s time to work on the backend of your app. Backend development is the process of coding the functional features of your app. This process builds the foundation for your wireframe plan and ensures that your app actually works.
After you’ve made an operational platform, you can move on and design the front end, which includes the visual and interactive features that your users will see. This is the fun part of the process where you’ll actually see your application interface coming together.
Now that you’ve got a sense of the basics of how to build an app, it’s time to go into some details. Next, we’ll go over the coding languages you’ll need to learn to begin.
Coding for IOS
Apple products, such as iPhone and iPad, use an operating system called iOS. Developers usually build apps for this platform using a coding language called Objective-C. Apple chose this language as their primary code, so it’s essential to master. You’ll likely need to use some other coding languages when building your iOS app, such as:
How and when you use each of these languages depends on what you intend to do with your app. Many of these are usable for Android development too. You can research them yourself online, or ask your coding instructor for more information. For iOS, we think it’s best to start with Objective-C.
Coding for Android
Android app development is primarily accomplished using Java. Additionally, many developers choose to code their apps with C and C++. The technical requirements of your app will dictate what languages you choose to work with. Android app development is flexible, and you can also code with languages like Python.
There’s lots of language options for Android development. While you’re not limited or required to use the extra languages, you can do so at your discretion. Favored coding languages shift constantly, so it’s best to research regularly.
How to Get Started
There’s never been a better time to get into app development. Now that you’re familiar with the process, it’s time to learn how to code the app itself. Coding is daunting to beginners, and going at it alone is unnecessary. Download our free app, join a community of aspiring developers, and we’ll help set you up with the right coding classes for you.